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Murine models of infection were used to study the effect of linezolid on the virulence of Gram-negative bacteria and to assess potential pharmacodynamic interactions with ciprofloxacin in the treatment of these infections, prompted by observations from a recent clinical trial. Naive and immunosuppressed mice were challenged with Klebsiella pneumoniae… (More)
A novel series of monocarbam compounds exhibiting promising antibacterial activity against multidrug resistant Gram-negative microorganisms is reported, along with the synthesis of one such molecule MC-1 (1). Also reported are structure-activity relationships associated with the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of 1 and related analogues in addition to the… (More)
3-Acetyl analogues of thiolactomycin, a thiotetronic acid natural product, were synthesized and profiled against livestock pathogens. Some analogues showed improved activity over thiolactomycin against Staphylococcus aureus and comparable activity against Pasteurella multocida. Several semisynthetically modified analogues of thiolactomycin showed no… (More)
UNLABELLED The problem of multidrug resistance in serious Gram-negative bacterial pathogens has escalated so severely that new cellular targets and pathways need to be exploited to avoid many of the preexisting antibiotic resistance mechanisms that are rapidly disseminating to new strains. The discovery of small-molecule inhibitors of LpxC, the enzyme… (More)
Tetrapod fossil tracks are known from the Middle Devonian (Eifelian at ca. 397 million years ago--MYA), and their earliest bony remains from the Upper Devonian (Frasnian at 375-385 MYA). Tetrapods are now generally considered to have colonized land during the Carboniferous (i.e., after 359 MYA), which is considered to be one of the major events in the… (More)
Expert opinion was assessed to identify current knowledge gaps in determining future changes in Arabian/Persian Gulf (thereafter 'Gulf') coral reefs. Thirty-one participants submitted 71 research questions that were peer-assessed in terms of scientific importance (i.e., filled a knowledge gap and was a research priority) and efficiency in resource use… (More)
The stereoselective synthesis of two novel series of tribasic macrocyclic antibiotics with potent in vitro activity against Pasteurella multocida and Escherichia coli strains of bacteria is described. The in vitro activity can be significantly influenced by the nature of the substituents on the C-4" aminoalcohol, with the stereochemistry of the C-4" alcohol… (More)
Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of novel 2-[3-trifluoromethyl-5-alkyl(thio)ether pyrazo-1-yl]-5-methanesulfonyl pyridine derivatives for canine COX enzymes are described. The 4-cyano-5-alkyl ethers were found to have excellent potency and selectivity, whereas the 5-thioethers were potent but less selective than the ether analogs in a canine… (More)
Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of the novel 2-[3-di and trifluoromethyl-5-alkylamino pyrazo-1-yl]-5-methanesulfonyl (SO(2)Me)/sulfamoyl (SO(2)NH(2))-pyridine derivatives for canine COX enzymes are described. The studies led to the identification of 2e as lead with potent in vitro activity, selectivity, and in vivo activity in dogs and cats.
Aryl and hetero aryl substituted 3,6-ketals of 15-membered azalide analogues were synthesized and were found to have potent in vitro antibacterial activity against veterinary pathogens, including Staphylococcus aureus and Pasteurella multocida.