David M. Flynn

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With the knowledge of NO as an antiadhesion molecule, we performed studies to investigate the effects of NO on postischemic polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN)-medicated myocardial contractile dysfunction. Studies were performed with isolated perfused rat hearts subjected to 20 minutes of global ischemia and 45 minutes of reperfusion. Human PMNs (50 million)(More)
The cardioprotective efficacy of zoniporide (CP-597,396), a novel, potent, and selective inhibitor of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger isoform 1 (NHE-1), was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo using rabbit models of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. In these models, myocardial injury was elicited with 30 min of regional ischemia and 120 min of(More)
In the present study a novel nitric oxide (NO) donor, CAS-1609, was utilized as a means of coronary NO replenishment in a canine model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Administration of CAS-1609 (1.25 mg iv) 10 min before reperfusion, followed by a 1 mg/h intracoronary infusion throughout the 4.5-h reperfusion period, resulted in significant improvement(More)
One class of excitatory amino-acid receptors, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, mediates transmission at a small, but important, group of synapses in the neocortex. These receptors are implicated in neuronal plasticity during development in young mammals and in memory acquisition in adults. Recently, responses of isolated membrane patches to NMDA(More)
Neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes, PMNs) play a role in tissue injury after ischemia and reperfusion. We investigated the effects of a monoclonal antibody (MAb), PB1.3, directed against P-selectin in an acute model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Dogs were subjected to 120 min of coronary arterial occlusion and 240 min of reperfusion. MAb(More)
We evaluated heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) changes in diabetes mellitus (DM) in a nonhuman primate model. To this end, two studies were conducted in DM vervet monkeys. 1) Normal control and streptozotocin-induced DM monkeys (Stz-DM) that were differentiated into moderately or poorly controlled DM by judicious insulin administration were evaluated. Liver was(More)
Large surface-area burns in patients have been associated with a severe impairment in cardiac performance, as evidenced by a decline in cardiac output. The mechanisms responsible for this profound myocardial dysfunction are largely unknown. We investigated the effects of lymph isolated from the scalded hind limb of dogs on regional myocardial blood flow,(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a complex, multifactoral disease involving genetic and environmental factors that represents a large unmet medical need. There are currently many animal models of CHF that have provided some insight into the etiology of this disease. However, due to the complex interactions of environmental and genetic components of this(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) have been shown to mediate coronary vascular and myocardial tissue injury after coronary artery ischemia and reperfusion. Previous studies using specific monoclonal antibodies directed against P-selectin and L-selectin have demonstrated the involvement of the selectin family of glycoproteins in the early phase(More)
Neutrophil-endothelial cell interactions are mediated by a number of cell adhesion proteins. We investigated the effects of inhibition of P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), individually or in combination, in the ischemic-reperfused canine myocardium. Monoclonal antibodies PB1.3 (anti-P-selectin) and CL 18/6 (anti-ICAM-1) were(More)