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BACKGROUND Large studies reporting anesthetic outcome for morbidly obese parturients are lacking. This study compares the anesthetic and obstetric outcome in morbidly obese parturients and matched control parturients. METHODS Anesthesia records were prospectively collected for all patients delivering between September 1978 and November 1989 whose weight(More)
A prospectively designed review of all obstetric hysterectomies performed in five university hospitals between November 1, 1984 and October 31, 1987 has been performed. There were 41,107 deliveries and 46 obstetric hysterectomies, an incidence of 0.11%. Twenty-five hysterectomies were elective and 21 were emergent. The indication for 11 of the 21 emergency(More)
The pH and volume of gastric contents were examined in 60 patients undergoing elective Caesarean Section under thiopentone, nitrous oxide-oxygen, succinylcholine anaesthesia. All patients received Gelusil 30 ml per os preoperatively, while 20 were given atropine 7 microgram X kg-1 and another 20 glycopyrrolate 4 microgram X kg-1 intramuscularly along with(More)
Thirty-two healthy term parturients undergoing elective cesarean section randomly received either no antacid (n = 10), 30 ml of 0.3 molar sodium citrate less than 60 min preoperatively (n = 11), or 30 ml of 0.3 molar sodium citrate longer than 60 min preoperatively (n = 11). Immediately after delivery, the stomach was emptied as completely as possible(More)
Administration of intravenous clonidine hydrochloride has been advocated to rapidly control blood pressure in severe preeclampsia. To examine clonidine's acute maternal and fetal effects were intravenously injected 300 micrograms clonidine in eight chronically prepared normotensive near term ewes. Unlike intravenous saline solution injection, clonidine(More)
Intrathecally administered clonidine produces analgesia, but also produces hypotension. To assess the effects of epidural administration, the authors inserted lumbar epidural catheters in seven nonpregnant ewes, and injected, on separate days, clonidine (50-750 mcg), morphine (5-10 mg), and a clonidine-morphine combination (clonidine 150 mcg + morphine 5(More)
Intravenous cannulation by an epidural catheter may complicate epidural anesthesia. Local anesthetic solutions containing epinephrine produce tachycardia and hypertension when given intravenously and may identify intravenous placement. The authors studied the maternal and fetal effects of intravenous epinephrine-containing solutions in ten chronically(More)