David M Dewan

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Thirty-two healthy term parturients undergoing elective cesarean section randomly received either no antacid (n = 10), 30 ml of 0.3 molar sodium citrate less than 60 min preoperatively (n = 11), or 30 ml of 0.3 molar sodium citrate longer than 60 min preoperatively (n = 11). Immediately after delivery, the stomach was emptied as completely as possible(More)
BACKGROUND Large studies reporting anesthetic outcome for morbidly obese parturients are lacking. This study compares the anesthetic and obstetric outcome in morbidly obese parturients and matched control parturients. METHODS Anesthesia records were prospectively collected for all patients delivering between September 1978 and November 1989 whose weight(More)
This investigation was performed to determine the ability of a parturient to recall the pre-anesthesia discussion with her anesthesiologist and to determine if written consent added to this discussion improves recall. Eighty-two women presenting in labor were randomized to 'verbal' and 'verbal plus written' consent for epidural labor analgesia and were(More)
Intrathecally administered clonidine produces analgesia, but also produces hypotension. To assess the effects of epidural administration, the authors inserted lumbar epidural catheters in seven nonpregnant ewes, and injected, on separate days, clonidine (50-750 mcg), morphine (5-10 mg), and a clonidine-morphine combination (clonidine 150 mcg + morphine 5(More)
Although uterine distension in rats results in an escape reflex, there exists no model of uterine cervical distension (UCD), the pain stimulus during the first stage of labor. The aims of this study were to develop such a model in virgin rats and to test whether peripherally restricted kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonists (ADL 10-0101, ADL 10-0102, ADL(More)
Reports on the analgesic and hemodynamic effects of epinephrine added to bupivacaine for epidural use in obstetrics are conflicting. In this study, healthy parturients received in a random manner either 10 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine (n = 50) or 10 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine with 1:300,000 epinephrine (n = 50) epidurally. Epinephrine enhanced the analgesia(More)
A prospectively designed review of all obstetric hysterectomies performed in five university hospitals between November 1, 1984 and October 31, 1987 has been performed. There were 41,107 deliveries and 46 obstetric hysterectomies, an incidence of 0.11%. Twenty-five hysterectomies were elective and 21 were emergent. The indication for 11 of the 21 emergency(More)