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OBJECTIVE To report the prescribing of antipsychotics to the youth population of the Canadian province of Manitoba during the course of a decade. METHODS Use of antipsychotics in children and adolescents (aged 18 years or younger) was described using data collected from the administrative health databases of Manitoba Health and the Statistics Canada(More)
BACKGROUND Despite their favourable toxicology profile, benzodiazepines and the related Z-drugs (zopiclone, zolpidem and zaleplon) have been associated with physiological tolerance, dependence and addiction. Evidence of harm (e.g., falls, motor vehicle collisions and cognitive disturbances) has been reported in older populations. The aim of this study was(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the prescribing patterns and costs for antipsychotic agents in the population of the Canadian province of Manitoba over the past decade. METHODS A population-based study of antipsychotic utilization and costs was conducted on data collected from the administrative databases of the Manitoba Population Health Data Repository(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the findings of a switch from brand-name to generic clozapine in a Canadian outpatient population. METHOD The medical records of 58 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders and stabilized on brand-name clozapine therapy were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were switched from brand-name to generic(More)
PURPOSE The increasing and comparatively high proportion of uropathogens in Canada resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) may be partially responsible for the increasing use of fluoroquinolones. A number of patient-specific variables have been identified as risk factors for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant pathogens. However,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this initiative was to compare erythropoietin-alpha doses in hemodialysis patients who changed from subcutaneous to intravenous administration. The Manitoba Renal Program switched routes due to concern about erythropoietin-associated pure red cell aplasia. METHODS We compared the erythropoietin-alpha dosage requirements during(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare erythropoietin dosage requirements during subcutaneous versus intravenous administration in a hemodialysis population. Hemodialysis patients receiving subcutaneous epoetin alfa were switched to the intravenous route using a prospective, crossover design. Baseline anemia parameters were measured at months -2, -1, and(More)
OBJECTIVE "Antibenzodiazepine" campaigns have been conducted worldwide to limit the prescribing of these drugs because of concerns about inappropriate use and addiction. The causal relationship between long-term use and escalation to high doses has not been proven. This study assessed the extent of dose escalation among individuals who were long-term users(More)
OBJECTIVE Generic drugs are less expensive than their branded equivalents, but receive limited promotion. This study sought to examine how user rates of individual selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) changed after the introduction of their generic equivalents. METHOD Administrative health and census data were used to examine the rates of use(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of an ocular insert designed to provide controlled release of apomorphine for the induction of emesis in dogs. ANIMALS 5,001 dogs treated with ocular apomorphine inserts and 32 dogs treated with IV administration of apomorphine. PROCEDURES Data collected on a case report form included breed, body weight,(More)