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We describe a method to automatically find gradient thresholds to separate edge from nonedge pixels. A statistical model that is the weighted sum of two gamma densities corresponding to edge and nonedge pixels is used to identify a threshold. Results closely match human perceptual thresholds even under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) levels.
This paper presents a model that is useful for developing resource allocation algorithms for distributed real-time systems that operate in dynamic environments. Interesting aspects of the model include dynamic environments, utility and service levels, which provide a means for graceful degradation in resource-constrained situations and support optimization(More)
Content-based image retrieval is an important research topic in computer vision. We present a new method that combines region of interest (ROI) detection and relevance feedback. The ROI based approach is more accurate in describing the image content than using global features, and the relevance feedback makes the system to be adaptive to subjective human(More)
Reports the diagnostic performance of observers in detecting abnormalities in computer-generated mammogram-like images. A mathematical model of the human breast is defined in which breast tissues are simulated by spheres of different sizes and densities. Images are generated by casting rays from a specified source, through the model, and onto an image(More)
| A new algorithm for ray tracing generalized cylinders whose axis is an arbitrary three-dimensional space curve and whose cross-sectional contour can be varied according to a general sweeping rule is presented. The main restriction placed on the class of generalized cylinders that can be ray-traced is that the sweeping rule of the generalized cylinder must(More)
This paper addresses the problem of finding analytically the limbs and cusps of generalized cylinders. Orthographic projections of generalized cylinders whose axis is straight and whose axis is an arbitrary 3D curve are considered in turn. In both cases, the general equations of the limbs and cusps are given. They are solved for three classes of generalized(More)
This paper presents three case-based reasoning (CBR) prototypes developed for the RoboCats, a team of five soccer playing robots in the RoboCup small size league. CBR is used to help the Robo-Cats plan individual moves and team strategies, as well as to model the world of the playing field. More specifically, the case-based reasoners position the goalie,(More)