David M. Center

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BACKGROUND Atopy and plasma IgE concentration are genetically complex traits, and the specific genetic risk factors that lead to IgE dysregulation and clinical atopy are an area of active investigation. OBJECTIVE We sought to ascertain the genetic risk factors that lead to IgE dysregulation. METHODS A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed(More)
Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is a pleiotropic cytokine that functions as a chemoattractant factor, a modulator of T cell activation, and an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. These diverse functions are exclusively attributed to the secreted C-terminal peptide of 121 amino acids (mature IL-16), which is cleaved from the precursor protein(More)
Human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a chronic, progressive neurologic disease characterized by marked degeneration of the spinal cord and the presence of infiltrating CD8+ T cells and macrophages. HAM/TSP patients have very high frequencies of HTLV-I-specific CD8+ CTL in peripheral(More)
Interleukin-16, a proinflammatory cytokine produced in CD8(+) lymphocytes, is synthesized as a precursor protein (pro-IL-16). It is postulated that the C-terminal region of pro-IL-16 is cleaved, releasing bioactive IL-16. To characterize IL-16 cleavage, we transfected COS cells with a cDNA encoding a approximately 50-kDa form of pro-IL-16. Transfected COS(More)
We have reported previously that histamine induces the release of the CD4+ cell-specific lymphocyte chemoattractant factor (LCF) into the culture supernatants of CD8+ cells between 1 and 4 h following stimulation. To determine the mechanism of histamine-induced secretion of LCF, we evaluated the effects of inhibitors of gene transcription and translation on(More)
We have recently described the cDNA and predicted protein structure of a natural soluble CD4 ligand, IL-16. IL-16 is chemotactic for CD4+ T cells and induces functional IL-2 receptors in CD4+ T cells. The binding of IL-16 to CD4 results in activation of p56(lck), whose adaptor function is essential for the chemotactic response. Subsequently, increases in(More)
The demyelination process that occurs in the central nervous system of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is, in part, due to an inflammatory response in which CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and macrophages infiltrate white matter. Although many studies have characterized myelin protein-specific CD4+ T cells, we have demonstrated that CD8+ CTL specific for myelin(More)
Eosinophils and CD4+ lymphocytes are preferentially recruited into sites of allergic inflammation. A role for eosinophils in the recruitment of CD4+ lymphocytes has not been defined. We studied the capacity of human eosinophils to release chemoattractants for T lymphocytes. Supernatants of cultured eosinophils contained chemoattractant activity for(More)
The function of the T4 antigen, a marker for a differentiated T cell subset, is not well understood. Our previous observation that a chemoattractant human lymphokine, lymphocyte chemoattractant factor (LCF), which selectively induces motile responses in unactivated T4+ lymphocytes, led us to investigate whether LCF could also induce T4+ cell activation.(More)