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Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is a pleiotropic cytokine that functions as a chemoattractant factor, a modulator of T cell activation, and an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. These diverse functions are exclusively attributed to the secreted C-terminal peptide of 121 amino acids (mature IL-16), which is cleaved from the precursor protein(More)
Human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a chronic, progressive neurologic disease characterized by marked degeneration of the spinal cord and the presence of infiltrating CD8+ T cells and macrophages. HAM/TSP patients have very high frequencies of HTLV-I-specific CD8+ CTL in peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Atopy and plasma IgE concentration are genetically complex traits, and the specific genetic risk factors that lead to IgE dysregulation and clinical atopy are an area of active investigation. OBJECTIVE We sought to ascertain the genetic risk factors that lead to IgE dysregulation. METHODS A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed(More)
Histamine is known to trigger the release of interleukin (IL)-16 from human CD8(+) cells. However, the individual roles of the presently known histamine receptor subtypes (H(1)-H(4)) in this inflammatory response have not been fully characterized. Histamine stimulation of human CD8(+) T lymphocytes purified from peripheral blood led to a 5- to 8-fold(More)
Cell activation by phytohaemagglutinin, phorbol ester and by the supernatant of phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells induces the expression and cytopathic effects of latent human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) in vitro. The lymphocyte surface protein CD4 has been identified as a receptor for HIV-1 and binds the viral(More)
IL-16 binds to CD4 and induces a migratory response in CD4(+) T cells. Although it has been assumed that CD4 is the sole receptor and that IL-16 induces a comparable migratory response in all CD4(+) T cells, this has not been investigated. In this study, we determined that IL-16 preferentially induces a migratory response in Th1 cells. Because chemokine(More)
Accumulation of CD4+ interleukin (IL)-2R+ lymphocytes in the airways of asthmatics is generally attributed to the presence of chemoattractant cytokines. The precise mechanism for the initiation of the earliest CD4+ lymphocyte infiltration and activation is unknown. In this study, we describe for the first time the presence of lymphocyte chemoattractant(More)
We have recently described the cDNA and predicted protein structure of a natural soluble CD4 ligand, IL-16. IL-16 is chemotactic for CD4+ T cells and induces functional IL-2 receptors in CD4+ T cells. The binding of IL-16 to CD4 results in activation of p56(lck), whose adaptor function is essential for the chemotactic response. Subsequently, increases in(More)
CD4+ T cell infiltration is known to occur in tissues at sites of mast cell activation. The molecules produced and released by mast cells that account for this lymphocyte accumulation are poorly characterized. Here we report that a CD4+ T cell chemoattractant cytokine, IL-16, is stored preformed in bone marrow-cultured human mast cells and a human mast cell(More)
The ability of HIV-1 gp120 to inhibit chemokine signaling prompted us to determine whether signaling through CD4 by a natural ligand, IL-16, could alter cellular responsiveness to chemokine stimulation. These studies demonstrate that IL-16/CD4 signaling in T lymphocytes results in a selective loss of macrophage-inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 beta/CCR5-induced(More)