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Human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a chronic, progressive neurologic disease characterized by marked degeneration of the spinal cord and the presence of infiltrating CD8+ T cells and macrophages. HAM/TSP patients have very high frequencies of HTLV-I-specific CD8+ CTL in peripheral(More)
Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is a pleiotropic cytokine that functions as a chemoattractant factor, a modulator of T cell activation, and an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. These diverse functions are exclusively attributed to the secreted C-terminal peptide of 121 amino acids (mature IL-16), which is cleaved from the precursor protein(More)
BACKGROUND Atopy and plasma IgE concentration are genetically complex traits, and the specific genetic risk factors that lead to IgE dysregulation and clinical atopy are an area of active investigation. OBJECTIVE We sought to ascertain the genetic risk factors that lead to IgE dysregulation. METHODS A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed(More)
Accumulation of CD4+ interleukin (IL)-2R+ lymphocytes in the airways of asthmatics is generally attributed to the presence of chemoattractant cytokines. The precise mechanism for the initiation of the earliest CD4+ lymphocyte infiltration and activation is unknown. In this study, we describe for the first time the presence of lymphocyte chemoattractant(More)
We have recently described the cDNA and predicted protein structure of a natural soluble CD4 ligand, IL-16. IL-16 is chemotactic for CD4+ T cells and induces functional IL-2 receptors in CD4+ T cells. The binding of IL-16 to CD4 results in activation of p56(lck), whose adaptor function is essential for the chemotactic response. Subsequently, increases in(More)
CD4+ T cell infiltration is known to occur in tissues at sites of mast cell activation. The molecules produced and released by mast cells that account for this lymphocyte accumulation are poorly characterized. Here we report that a CD4+ T cell chemoattractant cytokine, IL-16, is stored preformed in bone marrow-cultured human mast cells and a human mast cell(More)
The ability of HIV-1 gp120 to inhibit chemokine signaling prompted us to determine whether signaling through CD4 by a natural ligand, IL-16, could alter cellular responsiveness to chemokine stimulation. These studies demonstrate that IL-16/CD4 signaling in T lymphocytes results in a selective loss of macrophage-inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 beta/CCR5-induced(More)
The demyelination process that occurs in the central nervous system of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is, in part, due to an inflammatory response in which CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and macrophages infiltrate white matter. Although many studies have characterized myelin protein-specific CD4+ T cells, we have demonstrated that CD8+ CTL specific for myelin(More)
IL-16 is a proinflammatory cytokine that signals via CD4, inducing chemotactic and immunomodulatory responses of CD4+ lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils. Comparative analysis of murine and human IL-16 homologs could reveal conserved structures that would help to identify key functional regions of these cytokines. To that end, we cloned the murine IL-16(More)
We have reported previously that histamine induces the release of the CD4+ cell-specific lymphocyte chemoattractant factor (LCF) into the culture supernatants of CD8+ cells between 1 and 4 h following stimulation. To determine the mechanism of histamine-induced secretion of LCF, we evaluated the effects of inhibitors of gene transcription and translation on(More)