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The extent and distribution of biochemical abnormalities thought to reflect disorders of subpopulations of neurons have been determined in the cerebral cortex from brains of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and depressive illness who died of natural causes. In dementia, loss of gray matter from areas of the parietal and temporal lobes is most obvious.(More)
Neocortical tissue prisms prepared from rat and human brain were frozen to -196 degrees C by a two-step freezing procedure and 10% dimethyl sulphoxide as cryoprotectant. Frozen and thawed rat neocortical prisms incorporated glucose into acetylcholine and carbon dioxide at 89% and 86% of control values, respectively, and noradrenaline uptake into frozen and(More)
In a prospective study of 24 patients with presenile dementia associated with cerebral atrophy, clinical and psychological characteristics of patients' disorder were examined in relation to pathological and chemical findings obtained from tissue analysis following cerebral biopsy. The histological features of Alzheimer's disease were found in 75% of cases,(More)
The concentrations of L-aspartate, L-glutamate, L-serine, glycine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were determined in repeated samples of ventricular CSF from five patients with severe closed head injury. The values were compared with those obtained from five subjects undergoing surgical treatment for intractable depression. In the head-injured patients,(More)
Presynaptic serotonergic markers, serotonin uptake sites, and concentrations of serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were studied in the frontal and temporal cortex of 20 community-acquired cases of Alzheimer's disease and 16 controls matched for age, sex, postmortem delay, and storage. Clinical assessments, including behavioural symptoms, of the(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic mutations in the Janus kinase 2 gene (JAK2) occur in many myeloproliferative neoplasms, but the molecular pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms with nonmutated JAK2 is obscure, and the diagnosis of these neoplasms remains a challenge. METHODS We performed exome sequencing of samples obtained from 151 patients with(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry has been used to study the amount of M1 muscarinic receptor mRNA in temporal cortex from subjects with Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, where the duration of terminal coma was known. Total polyadenylated mRNA and glutamate decarboxylase activity were also measured. Both muscarinic receptor mRNA(More)
Production of [14C]acetylcholine and 14CO2 was examined by using tissue prisms from neocortex, hippocampus, and striatum from rats aged approximately 5 months, 13 months, and 27 months. [14C]Acetylcholine synthesis in the striatum showed highly significant decreases with age for measurements in the presence of both 5 mM- and 31 mM-K+, contrasting with the(More)
Fifty-six brains from middle-aged and elderly normal as well as demented subjects and patients with provisional clinical diagnosis of other neurological and psychiatric diseases were assessed histologically. On this basis the specimens were classified into 14 diagnostic groups. A survey of potential indices of specific neurons has been carried out on these(More)