David M Bernstein

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Working papers from the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics and East European Economies are preliminary in nature, and are circulated to promote discussion and critical comment. Any references to individual working papers should clearly state that the paper is preliminary. The views expressed here are the authors' own and not necessarily those of(More)
Objectives. Economic models of politics typically make two assumptions about voters: First, their motives are egocentric, not sociotropic; second, their beliefs are rational , not subject to systematic bias. Political scientists have presented strong evidence against the first assumption (Mansbridge, 1990), but have become increasingly willing to accept the(More)
This working group report is the product of the joint efforts of the members of an expert working group organized and convened by the International Life Sciences Institute Risk Science Institute. All members of the working group contributed by drafting various sections of the report. The final report emerged from extensive discussions and revisions by the(More)
In designing a study to evaluate the inhalation biopersistence of a chrysotile asbestos that was used as a component of a joint-compound, a feasibility study was initiated to evaluate the short-term biopersistence of the chrysotile alone and of the chrysotile in combination with the sanded reformulated joint-compound. Two groups of Wistar rats were exposed(More)
Thrift Supervision adopted the " Recourse Rule, " which added, to Basel I's assignment of a 20‐percent risk weight to GSE‐issued securities, the same risk weight for privately issued asset‐backed securities, including mortgage‐backed securities, that had received an AA or AAA rating from an NRSRO.
Medically unexplained syndromes, including chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), have been associated with victimization in childhood and adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of victimization experiences in childhood and adulthood with functional status and illness severity in a sample of patients with CFS using longitudinal data.(More)
osttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is underdiagnosed among combat-exposed individuals and overdiagnosed among civilians. An expanded, nondichotomous checklist of emotional and physical signs following a disaster may help address this problem. P TSD diagnostic criteria shortcomings Schnurr et al calculated that DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria A1 and A2 for(More)
Lifetime "nose-only" inhalation studies were conducted in rats using four types of refractory ceramic fibers (FCF), 1 micron in diameter x 22 to 26 microns length: High Purity, Kaolin, Zirconia, and After-Service; and on hamsters using Kaolin RCF. For comparison, animals also were exposed to chrysotile fibers. Rats were exposed 6 hr/day, 5 days/week for 24(More)
This article describes the relationship between fiber biopersistence and the chronic toxicity of different chemical compositions of man-made vitreous fibers (MMVF) in the lung. Rats were exposed in "nose-only" inhalation chambers, 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, for 24 months to aerosol concentrations of 30 mg/m3 containing comparable fiber numbers and similar(More)
Models of inefficient political failure have been criticized for implicitly assuming the irrationality of voters. model of "rational irrationality," the current paper maintains that the assumption of voter irrationality is both theoretically and empirically plausible. It then examines microfoundational criticisms of four classes of political failure models:(More)