David M. Benglis

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OBJECT Minimally invasive anterolateral approaches to the lumbar spine are options for the treatment of a number of adult degenerative spinal disorders. Nerve injuries during these surgeries, although rare, can be devastating complications. With an increasing number of spine surgeons utilizing minimal access retroperitoneal surgery to treat lumbar problems,(More)
OBJECT The natural history of untreated Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is poorly defined. The object of this study was to investigate outcomes in pediatric patients with CM-I who were followed up without surgical intervention. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 124 cases involving patients with CM-I who presented between July 1999 and July(More)
WE REVIEW OUR current understanding of the development and potential clinical applications of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) in spine surgery. We also review the evidence for adverse events associated with the use of BMP and suggest potential reasons for these events and means of complication avoidance. Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) is approved(More)
Peptide methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA) repairs oxidative damage to methionine residues arising from reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen intermediates. MsrA activity is found in a wide variety of organisms, and it is implicated as one of the primary defenses against oxidative stress. Disruption of the gene encoding MsrA in several pathogenic(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a new, clinically relevant large animal model of pediatric spinal cord injury (SCI) and compare the clinical and experimental features of pediatric SCI. METHODS Infant piglets (3-5 weeks old) underwent contusive SCI by controlled cortical impactor at T7. Severe complete SCI was induced in 6 piglets, defined as SCI with no spontaneous(More)
Minimally invasive and interbody and instrumented fusion techniques are increasingly being used for the treatment of adult degenerative disc disease, stenosis, and deformity of the lumbar spine. Advocates of minimal access spinal approaches list certain advantages over open procedures, including decreased postoperative pain and narcotic requirements,(More)
Iatrogenic spinal cord injury (SCI) is an uncommon (0%-3%), yet devastating, complication of spine surgery. Recent evidence based on small clinical studies indicates that modest hypothermia is a feasible treatment option for severe SCI. We extended this treatment modality to patients with devastating iatrogenic SCI. We conducted a retrospective case series(More)
In this review, we explain the origins of central cord syndrome and Bell's cruciate paralysis and the intricate detail of neural pathways located in this region and their influence on motor and sensory function. Although lesion studies and tract tracing studies on primates over the past 50 years refute the theory of a somatotopically organized corticospinal(More)
Cervicomedullary compression at the foramen magnum in patients with achondroplasia can be associated with apnea, neurological deficits, and sudden death. Decompressive operations are often performed in symptomatic patients. In asymptomatic patients, the indications for prophylactic decompression are controversial. The authors present the case of a(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous gastrostomy and/or jejunostomy associated with ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting in critically ill neurosurgical patients is not an uncommon combination. Massive intraventricular pneumocephalus has not been previously reported as a complication of percutaneous gastrostomy and/or jejunostomy placement in a patient with a VP shunt. A(More)