David M. Bagley

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Efforts to increase H2 yields from fermentative H2 production include heat treatment of the inoculum, dissolved gas removal, and varying the organic loading rate. Although heat treatment kills methanogens and selects for spore-forming bacteria, the available evidence indicates H2 yields are not maximized compared to bromoethanesulfonate, iodopropane, or(More)
Dissolved H2 and CO2 were measured by an improved manual headspace-gas chromatographic method during fermentative H2 production with N2 sparging. Sparging increased the yield from 1.3 to 1.8 mol H2/mol glucose converted, although H2 and CO2 were still supersaturated regardless of sparging. The common assumption that sparging increases the H2 yield because(More)
Lignocellulosic ethanol holds promise for addressing climate change and energy security issues associated with personal transportation through lowering the fuel mixes' carbon intensity and petroleum demand. We compare the technological features and life cycle environmental impacts of near- and mid-term ethanol bioconversion technologies in the United(More)
The effects of effluent recycle were examined in a two-phase anaerobic system where the first phase was operated for fermentative hydrogen production and the second for methanogenesis. The hydrogen reactor was operated as a chemostat at 35 degrees C and pH 5.5 with a 10 h hydraulic retention time, and the methane reactor was operated as an up-flow reactor(More)
Membrane separation technology is increasingly becoming an important innovation in biological wastewater treatment. Biofouling of the membrane is a major factor affecting the efficient and economic operation of membrane separation bioreactors (MBRs). This review summarizes the state-of-the-art progress in understanding the mechanisms and factors affecting(More)
Two submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors (SAnMBRs) (thermophilic vs. mesophilic) were operated for a period of 3.5 months with kraft evaporator condensate at a feed chemical oxygen demand of 10,000 mg/L. The results show that the filtration behavior of the two systems was significantly different. The filtration resistance in the thermophilic SAnMBR was(More)
Hydrogen produced from anaerobic fermentation of organic matter is a sustainable energy source. Anaerobic hydrogen-producing systems have been typically seeded with heat-treated inocula to eliminate hydrogen-consuming methanogens. This can be both energy- and economically-intensive. In this work, operational parameters were modified to determine if(More)
A lab-scale anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) that had operated with glucose at an organic loading rate of 2.1 kg COD m(-3) d(-1) was stressed with an organic loading rate of 3.2 kg COD m(-3) (-1). Five different combinations of influent concentration, total cycle time, and fill time to cycle time ratio were examined. No external pH control was(More)
The detection of organic micropollutants, such as endocrine-disrupting compounds, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, in wastewater and the aquatic environment has brought increasing concern over their potential adverse ecological and human impacts. These compounds are generally present at trace levels (ng l(-1)) and in complex water matrices, such(More)
A membrane bioreactor and reverse osmosis (MBR-RO) system was developed to assess potential reuse applications of municipal wastewater. The objective of the study was to examine the water quality throughout the system with a focus on waterborne pathogens, disinfection by-products (DBPs) and nitrate. This paper will discuss the presence of these contaminants(More)