David M. Andrews

Learn More
The focus of this study was to assess the amount of error present in several approaches that have been commonly used to estimate the cumulative spinal loading during manual materials handling tasks. Three male subjects performed three sagittal plane lifting tasks of varying loads and postural requirements. Video recordings of the tasks were digitized and a(More)
Considerable variability in tibial acceleration slope (AS) values, and different interpretations of injury risk based on these values, have been reported. Acceleration slope variability may be due in part to variations in the quantification methods used. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify differences in tibial AS values determined using(More)
Currently, there are no standards for the development of posture classification systems used in observation-based ergonomic posture assessment methods. This study was conducted to determine if an optimal posture category size for different body segments and posture views could be established by examining the trade-off between magnitude of error and the(More)
The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of voluntarily manipulating muscle activation and localized muscle fatigue on tibial response parameters, including peak tibial acceleration, time to peak tibial acceleration, and the acceleration slope, measured at the knee during unshod heel impacts. A human pendulum delivered consistent impacts to(More)
The catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare life-threatening form of the antiphospholipid syndrome characterized by disseminated vascular thrombosis resulting in multiorgan failure. On an exceedingly rare occasion, CAPS can be associated with severe hemorrhagic manifestations. We report a young woman with a history of several spontaneous(More)
INTRODUCTION Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) results from antibodies to PF4/heparin complexes and clinical diagnosis is difficult. We evaluated the particle immunofiltration anti-platelet factor 4 (PIFA) rapid assay, in conjunction with a clinical risk score, in the diagnosis of HIT. METHODS We performed a prospective observational study in all(More)
Heel impact forces may lead to injury as they travel through the human musculoskeletal system. Previous work on the effect that localized muscle fatigue has on the tibial response (shank axial acceleration) to impact was limited because ankle angle was not controlled. The purpose of this study was to compare the tibial response when the tibialis anterior(More)
Quantification of segment soft and rigid tissue masses in living people is important for a variety of clinical and biomechanical research applications including wobbling mass modeling. Although Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is widely accepted as a valid method for this purpose, the reliability of manual segmentation from DXA scans using custom(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of fall type and fall height on the kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activation of the upper extremity during simulated forward falls using a novel fall simulation method. Twenty participants were released in a prone position from a Propelled Upper Limb Fall ARrest Impact System. Impacts occurred to the(More)
UNLABELLED Observation-based posture assessment methods (e.g. RULA, 3DMatch) require classification of body postures into categories. This study investigated the effect of improving posture category salience (adding borders, shading and colour to the posture categories) on posture selection error rates and decision times of novice analysts. Ninety(More)