David Ludwin

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We examined the factors determining graft survival in 200 consecutive cadaveric renal transplants managed on a quadruple-therapy protocol: Minnesota antilymphoblast globulin, cyclosporine, azathioprine, and low-dose prednisone. Perioperative central venous pressure monitoring and volume expansion were emphasized. To avoid CsA nephrotoxicity in the early(More)
The quality of life of patients with end-stage renal disease was estimated using the time trade-off technique. The sample included 103 transplant, 60 hospital hemodialysis, 57 home/self-care, and 52 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. Test-retest reliability was high: intra-class correlation coefficient 0.81 (p less than 0.001). The(More)
Methodologically sound measures of quality of life are required to judge accurately the impact of successful renal transplantation on patient well-being. The time trade-off (TTO) method is a reproducible and valid measure which we used to prospectively assess changes in the quality of life of 27 patients on maintenance dialysis who subsequently underwent(More)
A 6 month open trial of cyclosporine (CyA) was conducted in 20 patients with active rheumatoid arthritis unresponsive to second line therapy. The dosage was monitored to achieve a serum blood level of 75-150 ng/ml. A 25% reduction in ARA joint count (baseline mean 38.2; 6 month or time of CyA withdrawal mean 28.7; p less than 0.001) was observed for all(More)
BACKGROUND An increased understanding of the transition process from pediatric to adult transplant care may inform strategies for facilitating the transfer of patients and ultimately improve outcomes of care. OBJECTIVE To explore the transition process from pediatric to adult transplant care from the perspective of young adults. STUDY DESIGN Using a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of cyclosporine A (CyA) in combination with gold and methotrexate (MTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Twenty patients with RA with partial response to oral MTX and 20 patients with partial response to im gold had CyA added to their regimen for 6 months, withdrawn over 2 months and the(More)
The prognostic utility of myocardial perfusion studies (MPS) such as thallium scintigraphy and dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for stratifying cardiac risk among candidates for kidney or kidney-pancreas transplantation is uncertain. This study is a meta-analysis to determine the prognostic significance of MPS results on future myocardial infarction(More)