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BACKGROUND We compared the efficacy and toxicity of oral capecitabine and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the preoperative chemoradiation treatment of patients with rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The files of 89 patients with rectal cancer, 43 treated preoperatively with oral capecitabine and 46 with intravenous 5-FU, were reviewed,(More)
The effect of insulin or glutathione treatment on glutathione content of liver and jejunal mucosa and on superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of liver, kidney, and erythrocytes was investigated in pair-fed animals with streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Diabetes lowered hepatic glutathione concentration, but glutathione concentration of the jejunal mucosa(More)
UNLABELLED Metronomic low-dose chemotherapy regimen was found to have an antiangiogenic effect in tumors. However, its effect on levels of circulating pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors is not fully explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS The levels of both VEGF and PDGF-BB were measured in three time points, in the serum of 32 rectal carcinoma patients(More)
Toxic peripheral neuropathy is still a significant limiting factor for chemotherapy with paclitaxel (PAC), although glutamate and its closely related amino acid glutamine were claimed to ameliorate PAC neurotoxicity. This pilot trial aimed to evaluate the role of glutamate supplementation for preventing PAC-induced peripheral neuropathy in a randomized,(More)
Intracranial meningiomas from 51 surgical patients consecutively treated during an 18-month period were evaluated for the presence of receptors to progesterone and estrogen. Thirty-eight patients underwent initial resection during this time and 13 underwent reoperation for recurrent disease. With positivity defined as receptor levels greater than 10 fmol/mg(More)
Low-dose metronomic (LDM) chemotherapy represents an emerging concept in the treatment of cancer. Directed against tumor cells and other types of cells, such as endothelial and immune cells, this treatment regimen alters the tumor microenvironment and suppresses innate features which support tumor growth. Ongoing Phase III clinical studies explore various(More)
4662 Background: Pulmonary metastases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are associated with poor prognosis especially when the disease is rapidly progressing. The lung is a common site for metastases and respiratory failure is a common cause of death in patients with RCC. Inhalation therapy with IL-2 is thus an appealing method for palliation. This multi-center(More)
1,2-Dimethylhydrazine-induced large bowel tumors in adult male noninbred Holtzman rats contained greatly elevated levels of copper-zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn SD) activity when compared to levels in normal intestinal tissue but nearly equal levels of manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (Mn SD) activity. Inasmuch as normal intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND Transposition of the ovaries is practiced in young women before possible radiation to the pelvic fields. In patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix (Ca cervix), the ovaries are transposed laterally (LOT), whereas in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD), they are usually transposed medially (MOT). Nevertheless, not all transposed ovaries are(More)
Early results of a prospective, randomized trial of active, specific immunotherapy adjunctive to nephrectomy in all stages of RCC are presented. Forty-three patients with median followup of 30 m, who were randomly allocated to either immuno-hormonotherapy arm (IMT), or hormonotherapy alone (HT), are evaluated in terms of progression-free interval (PFI) and(More)