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Genetic toxicology data have traditionally been employed for qualitative, rather than quantitative evaluations of hazard. As a continuation of our earlier report that analyzed ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) and methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) dose-response data (Gollapudi et al., 2013), here we present analyses of 1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea (ENU) and(More)
The principal goal of this study was to determine whether the results from a set of selected currently available alternative methods as used by cosmetics companies are valid for predicting the eye irritation potential of cosmetics formulations and ingredients and, as a consequence, could be valid replacements for the Draize eye irritation test. For the(More)
BACKGROUND Adhesion formation is common after abdominal surgery. This study aimed to compare the extent of adhesion formation following laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery. METHODS An observational study was undertaken to identify adhesions in patients undergoing laparoscopy after previous laparoscopic or open colectomy. Adhesions were scored(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies have confirmed the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic colorectal surgery; however, its use has not become widespread. One reason for this is perceived economic implications. A systematic review was undertaken examining the costs of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS Electronic databases were searched for articles comparing(More)
SCE scores of lymphocytes from 106 people revealed that the majority of background variation in SCE was between cells within individuals. Highly significant differences existed between individuals. Lesser, but still highly significant differences also existed between replicate cultures. Inter-individual variation was contributed to by each person's sex and(More)
Pretreatment of male mice of the inbred strains A2G, BALB/c, C57BL/10, and AKR with iron dextran synergized the action of a single dose of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, 75 micrograms/kg) in causing hepatic porphyria and necrosis 35 days later. There was no effect in DBA/2 mice. Increased porphyrin levels were associated with decreased hepatic(More)
In the life sciences, many measurement methods yield only the relative abundances of different components in a sample. With such relative-or compositional-data, differential expression needs careful interpretation, and correlation-a statistical workhorse for analyzing pairwise relationships-is an inappropriate measure of association. Using yeast gene(More)
The objective of this paper is to review the use, in mutagenesis, of various mathematical models to describe the dose-response relationship and to try to identify thresholds. It is often taken as axiomatic that genotoxic carcinogens could damage DNA at any level of exposure, leading to a mutation, and that this could ultimately result in tumour development.(More)