David Lopes Cardozo

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1. Voltage-dependent calcium channels were studied with whole cell voltage-clamp recordings from neurons enzymatically dispersed from the ventral mesencephalon of rat brains (postnatal days 3-10) and identified as dopamine neurons by 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine autofluorescence. 2. Dopamine neurons had large high-threshold calcium currents activated by(More)
Midbrain dopamine neurons project extensively throughout the vertebrate forebrain and influence a wide variety of brain functions. These neurons, which are believed to form a major brain reward system, are involved in initiation and control of motor programs, addictive behaviors, and determination of mood. Given their critical role in behavioral function,(More)
The C. elegans egl-36 gene encodes a Shaw-type potassium channel that regulates egg-laying behavior. Gain of function [egl-36(gf)] and dominant negative [egl-36(dn)] mutations in egl-36 cause reciprocal defects in egg laying. An egl-36::gfp reporter is expressed in the egg-laying muscles and in a few other tissues. Expression of an egl-36(gf) cDNA in the(More)
BACKGROUND Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) are undifferentiated and mitotic and can be induced to differentiate into neurons and glia, the building blocks of the nervous system. NPCs have great therapeutic potential for nervous system trauma and degenerative disorders. They have been identified in the mammalian central nervous system, but current sources are(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are undifferentiated cells in the central nervous system (CNS) that are capable of self-renewal and can be induced to differentiate into neurons and glia. Current sources of mammalian NSCs are confined to regions of the CNS that are critical to normal function and surgically difficult to access, which limits their therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND The Human Nervous System and Behavior course at Harvard Medical School (HMS) incorporates a hybrid model of problem-based learning. Student preparation for and participation in the tutorial seemed to be insufficient. AIMS We sought to increase student engagement in tutorial by creating a structured approach, which included assigned roles for(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in a unique microenvironment within the central nervous system (CNS) called the NSC niche. Although they are relatively rare, niches have been previously characterized in both the brain and spinal cord of adult animals. Recently, another potential NSC niche has been identified in the filum terminale (FT), which is a thin band(More)
In this report, I present a simple model using springs to conceptualize the relationship between ionic conductances across a cellular membrane and their effect on membrane potential. The equation describing the relationships linking membrane potential, ionic equilibrium potential, and ionic conductance is of similar form to that describing the force(More)
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