David Lindsay Downie

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BACKGROUND Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are members of a superfamily of fast neurotransmitter-gated receptor channels that includes the gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA), glycine and serotonin type 3 (5-HT3) receptors. Most previous work on the interactions of general anesthetics with nAChRs has involved the muscle-type receptor. The authors(More)
1. Glycine responses were studied under voltage clamp in Xenopus oocytes injected with cDNA encoding mammalian glycine receptor subunits and in rat medullary neurones. Bath application of glycine gave strychnine-sensitive currents which reversed close to the expected equilibrium potentials for chloride ions. The peak currents for the receptors expressed in(More)
Electric organs of skate (Raja species) dissociate to form populations of individual electrocytes when incubated in saline solutions containing collagenase. The rate of dissociation was highly temperature dependent, with an apparent Q10 of > 6 in the range of 6 degrees-26 degrees C. The number of electrocytes per organ was relatively constant and(More)
We have identified a series of amino-piperidine antibacterials with a good broad spectrum potency. We report the investigation of various subunits in this series and advanced studies on compound 8. Compound 8 possesses good pharmacokinetics, broad spectrum antibacterial activity and demonstrates oral efficacy in a rat lung infection model.
BACKGROUND With the exception of gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptors, the major molecular targets underlying the anesthetizing actions of thiopental have yet to be established. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are closely related to GABAA receptors and hence might also be major targets. If so, they might be expected to be(More)
As part of our wider efforts to exploit novel mode of action antibacterials, we have discovered a series of cyclohexyl-amide compounds that has good Gram positive and Gram negative potency. The mechanism of action is via inhibition of bacterial topoisomerases II and IV. We have investigated various subunits in this series and report advanced studies on(More)
Some neurotransmitter-gated ion channels are very much more sensitive to general anesthetics than others, even when they are genetically and structurally related. The most striking example of this is the extreme sensitivity of heteromeric neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors to inhalational general anesthetics compared with the marked insensitivity of(More)
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