David Lee Epstein

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PURPOSE The goal of this study was to investigate the role of Rho kinase in the modulation of aqueous humor outflow facility. Rho kinase, a critical downstream effector of Rho GTPase is recognized to control the formation of actin stress fibers, focal adhesions, and cellular contraction. METHODS Expression of Rho GTPase, Rho kinase, and other downstream(More)
Examining onsets of political instability in countries worldwide from 1955 to 2003, we develop a model that distinguishes countries that experienced instability from those that remained stable with a two-year lead time and over 80% accuracy. Intriguingly, the model uses few variables and a simple specification. The model is accurate in forecasting the(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have identified the cytoskeletal proteins actin and tubulin as potential cellular targets in the trabecular meshwork for novel glaucoma therapy. The authors and others have hypothesized that acto-myosin interactions may be important for outflow function. The current study was conducted to evaluate 2,3-butanedione 2-monoxime (BDM), a(More)
We investigated miRNA expression changes associated with stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS) in primary cultures of human diploid fibroblast (HDF) and human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. Twenty-five miRNAs were identified by miRNA microarray analysis and their changes in expression were validated by TaqMan real-time RT-PCR in three independent(More)
Fluid flow in the anterior chamber maintains intraocular pressure (IOP) and globe shape and supplies oxygen and nutrients to the nonvascularized cornea, lens, and trabecular meshwork (TM). Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy often caused by elevated IOP consequent to abnormally high resistance to aqueous humor drainage via the TM and Schlemm’s canal.(More)
PURPOSE To determine the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in a tertiary care referral center. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this retrospective study of selective laser trabeculoplasty performed by five physicians, 94 eyes from 94 patients were included. A majority (83/92, 90%) underwent 180 degrees selective laser trabeculoplasty. Selective(More)
The regulation of transendothelial fluid flow by glucocorticoids was studied in vitro with use of human endothelial cells cultured from Schlemm's canal (SCE) and the trabecular meshwork (TM) in conjunction with computer-linked flowmeters. After 2-7 wk of 500 nM dexamethasone (Dex) treatment, the following physiological, morphometric, and biochemical(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the role of miR-29b on the changes in expression of genes involved in the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) induced by chronic oxidative stress in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTM). METHODS Changes in gene expression induced by miR-29b in HTM cells were evaluated by gene array analysis using Affymetrix(More)
PURPOSE To contrast genome-wide gene expression profiles of cultured human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells to that of control and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) HTM tissues. METHODS Cultured HTM cells, HTM tissue dissected from control donors, and HTM tissue from POAG donors receiving medication for glaucoma were fixed in RNA latertrade mark. Total(More)
In 2004 field experiments, we compared the effectiveness of various deployment densities of 0.1-ml paraffin wax drops containing 5% pheromone versus Isomate M-Rosso "rope" dispensers for disruption of Grapholita molesta (Busck). Treatments were evaluated in 0.05-ha (12-tree) plots of 'Delicious' apples receiving regular maintenance according to growers'(More)