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Ontologies reflect our view of what exists and developing ontologies for a given domain requires a common context. This context can be characterized explicitly by means of an upper ontology. Upper ontologies define top-level concepts such as physical objects, activities, mereological and topological relations from which more specific classes and relations(More)
Sodium alginates obtained by alkaline extraction of Lessonia flavicans, Desmarestia ligulata and Desmarestia distans (Phaeophyta) from southern Chile were partially hydrolyzed with HCl. Each alginate gave three fractions that were characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy. The fractions soluble in 0.3M HCl presented in the fingerprint region four vibrations at(More)
Engineering design teams today are often widely distributed, and design authority is shared between collaborating companies. Technology is changing rapidly, and understanding of the most appropriate approach to the application of engineering assessment tools is developing accordingly. There is therefore a need to support coordination and auditing of(More)
The Web is an information resource with unlimited potential. However, this potential is not yet fully used since it is difficult for machines to process and integrate the meaning of the information stored on the Web. Recently the Internet community has begun to explore the potential of associating web content with explicit meaning, in order to create the(More)
Sexual systems play a key role in the ecology and evolution of plant populations. Research on Garcinia L. has shown the occurrence of variations in the sexual systems of this genus, with some authors considering it as dioecious, and for some species as gynodioecious or androdioecious. The population of G. brasiliensis in the restinga of Maricá is dioecious(More)
Graft copolymers were prepared by formation of an amide bond between poly-α-L-guluronic acid (MW 24,000), isolated from sodium alginate and the free amino group of PNIPAAm-NH(2). SEM micrographs revealed the formation of a macroscopic network on the surface of the grafted hydrogels with a porosity diameter of 10-20 μm. Semi-IPN hydrogels were prepared using(More)
Euphorbiaceae s.s. is one of the largest angiosperm families, comprising nine major lineages. Molecular analysis indicated a polyphyletic condition in the subfamily Crotonoideae s.l., with four lineages identified, including one termed inaperturate crotonoids, which encompasses the tribe Crotoneae. Anatomical data were obtained from 15 species of Croton(More)