David Lawrence

Learn More
Continuing population and consumption growth will mean that the global demand for food will increase for at least another 40 years. Growing competition for land, water, and energy, in addition to the overexploitation of fisheries, will affect our ability to produce food, as will the urgent requirement to reduce the impact of the food system on the(More)
PURPOSE Patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have profound immune defects and limited treatment options. Given the dramatic activity of lenalidomide in other B-cell malignancies and its pleotropic immunomodulatory effects, we conducted a phase II trial of this agent in CLL. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with relapsed or(More)
BACKGROUND The primary treatment of empyema thoracis remains intercostal tube drainage together with antibiotics. Failure of primary treatment has until recently been an indication for thoracotomy and decortication. Video-assisted thoracoscopic debridement (VATD) has increased the available treatment options but requires validation. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND By its inhibitory effect on platelet-derived growth factor signaling, imatinib could be efficacious in treating patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS AND RESULTS Imatinib in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, a Randomized, Efficacy Study (IMPRES), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 24-week trial, evaluated(More)
OBJECTIVES Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC), using brief cycles of limb ischaemia/reperfusion, is a non-invasive, low-cost intervention that may reduce perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We investigated whether RIPC can also improve short-term clinical outcomes. METHODS One hundred and eighty patients(More)
BACKGROUND Indacaterol is a novel, inhaled, once-daily ultra long-acting β(2)-agonist (ultra-LABA) for the treatment of COPD. This study investigated the effect of indacaterol on exercise endurance, and on lung hyperinflation during exercise and at rest in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. METHODS In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period(More)
BACKGROUND The drug development process can be streamlined by combining the traditionally separate stages of dose-finding (Phase IIb) and confirmation of efficacy and safety (Phase III) using an adaptive seamless design. This approach was used in a clinical study of indacaterol, a novel once-daily (od) inhaled long-acting beta(2)-adrenoreceptor agonist(More)
Although food prices in major world markets are at or near a historical low, there is increasing concern about food security-the ability of the world to provide healthy and environmentally sustainable diets for all its peoples. This article is an introduction to a collection of reviews whose authors were asked to explore the major drivers affecting the food(More)
The early detection of relapse following primary surgery for non-small-cell lung cancer and the characterization of emerging subclones, which seed metastatic sites, might offer new therapeutic approaches for limiting tumour recurrence. The ability to track the evolutionary dynamics of early-stage lung cancer non-invasively in circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA)(More)
BACKGROUND Empyema is an increasingly frequent clinical problem worldwide, and has substantial morbidity and mortality. Our objectives were to identify the clinical, surgical and microbiological features, and management outcomes, of empyema. METHODS A retrospective observational study over 12 years (1999-2010) was carried out at The Heart Hospital,(More)