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A meta-analysis of data from 42 independent samples examining the association of a measure of religious involvement and all-cause mortality is reported. Religious involvement was significantly associated with lower mortality (odds ratio = 1.29; 95% confidence interval: 1.20-1.39), indicating that people high in religious involvement were more likely to be(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of religion in mental illness remains understudied. Most prior investigations of this relationship have used measures of religiosity that do not reflect its complexity and/or have examined a small number of psychiatric outcomes. This study used data from a general population sample to clarify the dimensions of religiosity and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To review and discuss some of the research published in the last several decades that has addressed the role that religion plays in helping patients cope with serious medical illness. DATA SOURCES Although this is not a systematic review of the literature, it provides a sampling of the studies that have examined the relationship between(More)
The authors examined models of the relationships between religious activities, physical health, social support, and depressive symptoms in a sample of 4,000 persons age 65 and over. Religious activity was examined first as a single composite construct and then split into three component variables that were examined individually. Religious activity as a(More)
PURPOSE To describe nationwide trends and factors associated with the use of computed tomography (CT) in children visiting emergency departments (EDs) in the United States between 1995 and 2008. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was exempt from institutional review board oversight. Data from the 1995-2008 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey(More)
PURPOSE To develop diagnostic reference ranges (DRRs) and a method for an individual practice to calculate site-specific reference doses for computed tomographic (CT) scans of the abdomen or abdomen and pelvis in children on the basis of body width (BW). MATERIALS AND METHODS This HIPAA-compliant multicenter retrospective study was approved by(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ultrasound of the pediatric appendix using standardized structured reports that incorporate equivocal interpretive categories. MATERIALS AND METHODS Standardized structured appendix ultrasound reports using a five-category interpretive scheme were reviewed. Interpretive(More)
Clinical studies are beginning to clarify how spirituality and religion can contribute to the coping strategies of many patients with severe, chronic, and terminal conditions. The ethical aspects of physician attention to the spiritual and religious dimensions of patients' experiences of illness require review and discussion. Should the physician discuss(More)
METHODS A probability sample of 3,968 community-dwelling adults aged 64-101 years residing in the Piedmont of North Carolina was surveyed in 1986 as part of the Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE) program of the National Institutes of Health. Attendance at religious services and a wide variety of sociodemographic and(More)
This paper examines the effect of religious attendance and affiliation on psychological distress in a longitudinal community study of 720 adults. Religious affiliation is unrelated to mental health status. In contrast, although religious attendance does not directly reduce psychological distress, it buffers the deleterious effects of stress on mental(More)