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Two novel oligopeptide transporter cDNA clones, CPTA and CPTB, were identified by screening a Caenorhabditis elegans cDNA library using homology hybridization. The transporter proteins deduced from the cDNAs possess multiple transmembrane domains and reveal a moderate similarity to their mammalian counterparts in amino acid sequences. CPTA and CPTB, when(More)
Crude extracts of Mycobacterium smegmatis catalyzed the synthesis of adenosine diphosphate-glucose (ADP-Glc), cytidine diphosphate-glucose, guanosine diphosphate-glucose (GDP-Glc), thymidine diphosphate-glucose (TDP-Glc), and uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-Glc). In these crude enzyme fractions, high concentrations of trehalose-P inhibited the ADP-Glc and(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant polyphenol in green tea, exerts chemopreventive effects by selectively inducing apoptosis in tumor cells. In contrast, EGCG accelerates terminal differentiation in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) mediated partially by up-regulation of p57/KIP2, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that confers(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1 participates in cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. p21WAF1 can be induced by green tea polyphenol EGCG in several cancer cell types, but its role in the oral cancer cell response to EGCG is not known. We found that EGCG upregulates p21WAF1 in an oral carcinoma cell line, OSC2, by cDNA microarray. The(More)
BACKGROUND Although pregnancy gingivitis is widely believed to result from elevated hormone concentrations, the mechanism(s) involved in the etiology of this condition remain unknown. Paradoxically, despite the apparent inflammation for a prolonged period, pregnancy gingivitis rarely progresses to periodontitis and usually resolves postpartum. We used(More)
BACKGROUND The female sex hormones are known to affect the response of numerous tissues to an immune challenge. Because such hormones normally fluctuate during puberty, pregnancy, and the menstrual cycle, more information about the hormonal modulation of such responses in the oral cavity is needed. Gingival fibroblasts (GF), major components of the oral(More)
Autoimmune disorders, characterized by inflammation and apoptosis of target cells leading to tissue destruction, are mediated in part by autoantibodies against normal cellular components (autoantigens) that may be overexpressed. For example, antibodies against the autoantigens SS-A/Ro and SS-B/La are primary markers for systemic lupus erythematosus and(More)
2',3'-Cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase (CNP) has been used as a general oligodendrocyte and Schwann cell marker enzyme within the nervous system and has been the intense target of a number of recent studies. In this report, we determined the chromosomal localization of the human CNP gene using PCR on two somatic cell DNA panels. PCR amplification,(More)