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Growth is Good for the Poor
Average incomes of the poorest quintile rise proportionately with average incomes in a sample of 92 countries spanning the last four decades. This is because the share of income of the poorestExpand
Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?
This paper studies the pattern of allocation of foreign aid from various donors to receiving countries. We find considerable evidence that the direction of foreign aid is dictated as much byExpand
Outward-Oriented Developing Economies Really Do Grow More Rapidly: Evidence from 95 LDCs, 1976-1985
  • David L. Dollar
  • Business, Economics
  • Economic Development and Cultural Change
  • 1 April 1992
The long run trade orientation of an economy is measured in this article by an index which measures the extent to which the real exchange rate is distorted away from its free trade level by the tradeExpand
Trade, Growth, and Poverty
The evidence from individual cases and from cross-country analysis supports the view that globalization leads to faster growth and poverty reduction in poor countries. To determine the effect ofExpand
Aid Allocation and Poverty Reduction
The authors derive a poverty-efficient allocation of aid and compare it with actual aid allocations. They build the poverty-efficient allocation in two stages. First they use new World Bank ratingsExpand
Port Efficiency, Maritime Transport Costs and Bilateral Trade
Recent literature has emphasized the importance of transport costs and infrastructure in explaining trade, access to markets, and increases in per capita income. For most Latin American countries,Expand
Assessing aid - what works, what doesn't, and why
This report assesses foreign aid, pointing out that aid is as much a matter of knowledge as it is about money. It discusses the continuing role of financial transfers from rich to poor countries,Expand
Can the World Cut Poverty in Half? How Policy Reform and Effective Aid Can Meet International Development Goals
Poverty in the developing world will decline by roughly half by 2015 if current growth trends and policies persist. But a disproportionate share of poverty reduction will occur in East and SouthExpand
What Explains the Success or Failure of Structural Adjustment Programs?
In the 1980s development assistance shifted largely from financing investments (such as roads and dams) to promoting policy reform. This change came because of a growing awareness that developingExpand
Investment Climate and Firm Performance in Developing Economies
Drawing on recently completed firm‐level surveys in Bangladesh, China, India, and Pakistan, this article investigates the relationship between the investment climate and firm performance. TheseExpand
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