David L. Thomas

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In the practice guideline “Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment of Hepatitis C: An Update ” (HEPATOLOGY 2009:49 (4): 1335-1374; DOI: 10.1002/hep.22759), two errors have been corrected in the online version. 1. The Treatment Objectives and Outcomes section contained an error which has been corrected to read: “Short-term outcomes can be measured biochemically(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, with estimates of 4 million HCV-infected individuals in the United States and 170 million worldwide. Most (70-80%) HCV infections persist and about 30% of individuals with persistent infection develop chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular(More)
Liver biopsy remains the gold standard in the assessment of severity of liver disease. Noninvasive tests have gained popularity to predict histology in view of the associated risks of biopsy. However, many models include tests not readily available, and there are limited data from patients with HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection. We aimed to develop a(More)
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer. We performed RNA sequencing in primary human hepatocytes activated with synthetic double-stranded RNA to mimic HCV infection. Upstream of IFNL3 (IL28B) on chromosome 19q13.13, we discovered a new transiently induced region that harbors a dinucleotide variant(More)
These recommendations provide a data-supported approach to establishing guidelines. They are based on the following: (1) a formal review and analysis of the recently published world literature on the topic (MEDLINE search up to June 2011); (2) the American College of Physicians’ Manual for Assessing Health Practices and Designing Practice Guidelines; (3)(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells provide a central defense against viral infection by using inhibitory and activation receptors for major histocompatibility complex class I molecules as a means of controlling their activity. We show that genes encoding the inhibitory NK cell receptor KIR2DL3 and its human leukocyte antigen C group 1 (HLA-C1) ligand directly(More)
CONTEXT Use of antiretroviral drugs, including protease inhibitors, for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been anecdotally associated with hepatotoxicity, particularly in persons coinfected with hepatitis C or B virus. OBJECTIVES To ascertain if incidence of severe hepatotoxicity during antiretroviral therapy is similar for all(More)
Worldwide, chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the primary cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and is one of the ten leading causes of death. Traditionally, people with chronic HBV infection have been identified with blood tests for HBV antigens and antibodies. Recently, another group of patients with chronic HBV infection has been(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus. This relationship has not been investigated at the population level, and its biological mechanism remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among persons with HCV infection in a representative sample of the general adult(More)