David L Raden

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The nucleus is an important target of signal transduction by growth factor receptors that stimulate mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. We tested the hypothesis that MAP kinases have a signaling role within the nucleus by examining the effect of the expression of a human MAP kinase isoform (p41mapk) in tissue culture cells. The expressed p41mapk was(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAP kinases) are a group of closely related enzymes implicated in signal transduction pathways. We report the molecular cloning of four human proteins (p40mapk, p41mapk, p44mapk and p63mapk) with high homology to members of the MAP kinase family. Sequence analysis demonstrated that p44mapk and p63mapk were the products of(More)
Two epidermal growth factor-stimulated protein kinases that correspond to ERK1 and ERK2 have been purified from human epidermoid carcinoma cells (Northwood, I. C., Gonzalez, F. A., Wartmann, M., Raden, D. L., and Davis, R. J. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 15266-15276). A consensus primary sequence for substrates of ERK1 has been identified as(More)
The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signal transduction pathway represents an important mechanism by which growth factors regulate cell function. Targets of the MAP kinase pathway are located within several cellular compartments. Signal transduction therefore requires the localization of MAP kinase in each sub-cellular compartment that contains(More)
The production of recombinant proteins is a critical technology for biotechnology and biomedical research. Heterologous expression of secreted proteins can saturate the cell's capacity to properly fold protein, initiating the unfolded protein response (UPR), and resulting in a loss of protein expression. The overexpression of chaperone binding protein (BiP)(More)
A growth factor-stimulated protein kinase activity that phosphorylates the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor at Thr669 has been described (Countaway, J. L., Northwood, I. C., and Davis, R. J. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 10828-10835). Anion-exchange chromatography demonstrated that this protein kinase activity was accounted for by two enzymes. The first(More)
The Sec61 complex performs a dual function in protein translocation across the RER, serving as both the high affinity ribosome receptor and the translocation channel. To define regions of the Sec61 complex that are involved in ribosome binding and translocation promotion, ribosome-stripped microsomes were subjected to limited digestions using proteases with(More)
Proteins with RER-specific signal sequences are cotranslationally translocated across the rough endoplasmic reticulum through a proteinaceous channel composed of oligomers of the Sec61 complex. The Sec61 complex also binds ribosomes with high affinity. The dual function of the Sec61 complex necessitates a mechanism to prevent signal sequence-independent(More)
Targeting of ribosome-nascent chain complexes to the translocon in the endoplasmic reticulum is mediated by the concerted action of the signal recognition particle (SRP) and the SRP receptor (SR). Ribosome-stripped microsomes were digested with proteases to sever cytoplasmic domains of SRalpha, SRbeta, TRAM, and the Sec61 complex. We characterized protein(More)
The Sec61 complex performs a dual function in protein translocation across the RER, serving as both the high affinity ribosome receptor and the translocation channel. To define regions of the Sec61 complex that are involved in ribosome binding and translocation promotion, ribosome-stripped microsomes were subjected to limited digestions using proteases with(More)