David L. Prole

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Ca(2+) channels regulate many crucial processes within cells and their abnormal activity can be damaging to cell survival, suggesting that they might represent attractive therapeutic targets in pathogenic organisms. Parasitic diseases such as malaria, leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis and schistosomiasis are responsible for millions of deaths each year(More)
Changes in extracellular pH occur during both physiological neuronal activity and pathological conditions such as epilepsy and stroke. Such pH changes are known to exert profound effects on neuronal activity and survival. Heteromeric KCNQ2/3 potassium channels constitute a potential target for modulation by H+ ions as they are expressed widely within the(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a ubiquitous messenger proposed to stimulate Ca(2+) release from acidic organelles via two-pore channels (TPCs). It has been difficult to resolve this trigger event from its amplification via endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores, fuelling speculation that archetypal intracellular Ca(2+) channels are(More)
Voltage-gated ion channels possess charged domains that move in response to changes in transmembrane voltage. How this movement is transduced into gating of the channel pore is largely unknown. Here we show directly that two functionally important regions of the spHCN1 pacemaker channel, the S4-S5 linker and the C-linker, come into close proximity during(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-sensitive nonselective cation (HCN) channels are activated by membrane hyperpolarization, in contrast to the vast majority of other voltage-gated channels that are activated by depolarization. The structural basis for this unique characteristic of HCN channels is unknown. Interactions between the S4-S5 linker(More)
Mechanosensitive channels play important roles in the physiology of many organisms, and their dysfunction can affect cell survival. This suggests that they might be therapeutic targets in pathogenic organisms. Pathogenic protozoa lead to diseases such as malaria, dysentery, leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis that are responsible for millions of deaths each(More)
In the 30 years since IP3 (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate) was first shown to release Ca2+ from intracellular stores, the importance of spatially organized interactions within IP3-regulated signalling pathways has been universally recognized. Recent evidence that addresses three different levels of the structural determinants of IP3-evoked Ca2+ signalling is(More)
Most intracellular Ca(2+) signals result from opening of Ca(2+) channels in the plasma membrane or endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and they are reversed by active transport across these membranes or by shuttling Ca(2+) into mitochondria. Ca(2+) channels in lysosomes contribute to endo-lysosomal trafficking and Ca(2+) signalling, but the role of lysosomal Ca(2+)(More)
Golgi antiapoptotic proteins (GAAPs) are highly conserved Golgi membrane proteins that inhibit apoptosis and promote Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores. Given the role of Ca(2+) in controlling cell adhesion and motility, we hypothesized that human GAAP (hGAAP) might influence these events. In this paper, we present evidence that hGAAP increased cell(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3 Rs) are expressed in nearly all animal cells, where they mediate the release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores. The complex spatial and temporal organization of the ensuing intracellular Ca(2+) signals allows selective regulation of diverse physiological responses. Interactions of IP3 Rs with other proteins(More)