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Heavy metals have been increasingly released into our environment. We present here, for the first time, the global industrial age production of Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn, and their potential accumulation and environmental effects in the pedosphere. World soils have been seriously polluted by Pb and Cd and slightly by Zn. The potential industrial age(More)
Anatomical, histochemical and biochemical approaches were used to study mercury uptake and phytotoxicity as well as anti-oxidative responses in two species of ferns [Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata) and Boston fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)], grown in a hydroponic system. The roots of both cultivars accumulated large amounts of mercury, but exhibited(More)
The objective of this research was to screen and search for suitable plant species to phytoextract mercury-contaminated soil. Our effort focused on using some of the known metal-accumulating wild-type plants since no natural plant species with mercury-hyperaccumulat ing properties has yet been identified. Three plant species were evaluated for their uptake(More)
This study investigated the phytotoxicity of mercury to Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Two common cultivars (Florida Broad Leaf and Long-standing) were grown hydroponically in a mercury-spiked solution. Mercury exhibited a significant phytotoxicity in these two cultivars of Indian mustard at elevated concentrations (>or=2 mg L(-1)). Mercury uptake(More)
A large amount of mercury has been discharged on the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Site (Tennessee) as a part of the U.S. nuclear weapon program during the 1950s through the early 1960s. Increases in mercury concentration in fish and in lower East Fork Poplar Creek of Oak Ridge have been recently reported. This is an experimental study mimicking the(More)
Arsenic, a carcinogenic trace element, threatens not only the health of millions of humans and other living organisms, but also global sustainability. We present here, for the first time, the global industrial-age cumulative anthropogenic arsenic production and its potential accumulation and risks in the environment. In 2000, the world cumulative(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate solid-phase distribution, transformation, and bioavailability of Cr in Cr(III) and Cr(VI) contaminated soils. The effects of EDTA treatment on solid-phase distribution of Cr in soils were also examined. The results show that Cr in both initially Cr(III)- and Cr(VI)-contaminated soils was mainly present in the(More)
A recently recognized hyperaccumulator plant, Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata), has been found to extract very high concentration of arsenic from arsenic-contaminated soil. Chromium usually is a coexisting contaminant with arsenic in most contaminated soils. The potential application of ferns for phytoremediation of chromium(III)- and(More)
Mercury, a potent neurotoxin, is released to the environment in significant amounts by both natural processes and anthropogenic activities. No natural hyperaccumulator plant has been reported for mercury phytoremediation. Few studies have been conducted on the physiological responses of Indian mustard, a higher biomass plant with faster growth rates, to(More)
Photofragmentation (PF) and subsequent nitric oxide (NO) laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) is being developed to measure the concentration of energetic materials (EM's) in soil and other media. Laser radiation near 226 nm photodissociates gas-phase EM to NO(2), which predissociates into NO that gives an intense luminescence. The EM concentration is inferred(More)