David L Marcus

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The overall peroxidation activity in brain tissue by region from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-matched controls was determined employing the thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) assay, a measure of lipid peroxidation, followed by a determination the activities of the antioxidant enzymes Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD),(More)
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, has been proposed as a mechanism of neuropathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Activation of immediate early genes (IEG) c-jun and c-fos appears to be required for the initiation of apoptosis. Furthermore, the expression of c-jun is induced in cultured neurons that undergo beta-amyloid-mediated apoptosis suggesting a(More)
In vitro determination of brain glucose metabolism in the temporal cortex from patients with Alzheimer's disease showed a marked decrease when compared with nondemented, age-matched control subjects. Additional determinations on normal human temporal cortex obtained at autopsy demonstrated an age-dependent decline in the rate of glucose use. These data(More)
We studied brain glucose metabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease and age-matched controls in vivo by PET and assessed brain glucose utilization and the phosphorylation constant K3 for hexokinase. In addition we determined in vitro the binding of 2DG and measured its phosphorylation to 2DG-phosphate in cerebral microvessels obtained at autopsy from(More)
BACKGROUND Manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a major defense mechanism against potential cellular damage by reactive oxygen species (ROS). We have reported increased lipid peroxidation and decreased Cu/Zn SOD enzymatic activity in the temporal cortex of Alzheimer's diseased (AD) brains. MATERIAL/METHODS We now report the expression of(More)
Microvessels isolated from temporal cortex of patients with Alzheimer's disease showed decreased uptake of glucose when compared with vessels from age-matched or young control subjects. This was due to decreased hexokinase activity in the Alzheimer samples, as determined by ion exchange chromatography. This finding was confirmed independently by(More)
There is currently a controversy of whether elderly people (over age 65) have an age-related physiologic decline in red cell parameters. If this is so, a new normal range might be established for geriatric patients, as has been suggested by others. However, since anemia is often the first sign of severe illness in a patient, new normal values might include(More)
Isolated mitochondria from rat livers of various ages show a gradual decline in the rate of inner membrane-matrix protein synthesis with advancing age of the animal. Rats at 112-120 weeks synthesize these proteins at only 40% of the rate of 2-8-week-old animals. The initial rates of incorporation of label were 145 cpm/mg/minute for the "old" animals, and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the major cause of dementia, accounting for 50% to 70% of the late-onset patients, with 17 to 20 million affected. It is characterized by neurofibrillary tangles, neuronal loss, and amyloid plaques in tissues of the cortex, hippocampus, and amygdala. Apoptosis or programmed cell death appears in the progression of AD. In this(More)