David L Keegan

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Addressing the need for research on the nature of refractoriness to antipsychotic drug therapy exhibited by a substantial minority of schizophrenic patients, Philip R.A. May and Sven Jonas Dencker instigated an international study group to discuss this problem, beginning with the International Congress of Neuropsychopharmacology in Göteborg, Sweden, in(More)
Typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs, though both effective, act on different neurotransmitter receptors and are dissimilar in some clinical effects and side effects. The typical antipsychotic drug haloperidol has been shown to cause a decrease in the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which plays an important role in neuronal cell(More)
Low-dose scopolamine, given as presurgery medication, resulted in low levels of serum anticholinergic activity and caused measurable cognitive impairment in 18 psychiatrically healthy elderly patients. The degree of impairment was directly related to serum anticholinergic activity levels and, in the small subgroup of patients scheduled for spinal(More)
Single oral doses (5 mg) of haloperidol were administered to 36 healthy men (26 black, 10 white) of whom 28 (22 black, 6 white) completed the study. Plasma samples harvested over 96 hours were analyzed for haloperidol and reduced haloperidol by means of a new high performance liquid chromatographic method. Reduced haloperidol was detectable in the plasma of(More)
After 1 week of a single-blind placebo period, and prior to being randomly assigned to receive treatment with either fluoxetine or amitriptyline, patients meeting strict criteria for a diagnosis of major depressive disorder were given an auditory verbal learning test of working memory, and a blood sample was drawn. After 3 weeks of drug treatment with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the pattern of use and satisfaction with community treatment orders (CTOs) by psychiatrists in Saskatchewan. METHOD All psychiatrists who were licensed to practise by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Saskatchewan were surveyed by mail in July 1998. RESULTS The response rate was 72%. The responding psychiatrists were(More)
Atypical antipsychotic drugs are widely used in the treatment of schizophrenia, and clinical evidence has shown that early and prolonged intervention with these drugs will improve the long-term outcome. It is still unclear, however, whether the atypical antipsychotic drugs are also neuroprotective. To clarify this matter, we used PC12 cell cultures and the(More)
Fluoxetine, a new serotonin uptake blocking antidepressant, was compared with amitriptyline in a double-blind study. Patients were diagnosed as having major depression, according to DSM-III criteria, when interviewed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. There was significant improvement in patient and observer ratings of depression in both groups, with(More)
This study examined the opinions of patients who have been placed on a community treatment order (CTO), their relatives, mental health clinicians and representatives of community agencies about the use of CTOs in Saskatchewan. Patients were assessed using indepth interviews, while their relatives, mental health professionals and representatives of community(More)
Neuroanatomical studies of schizophrenia suggest that progressive neuropathological changes (such as neuronal atrophy and/or cell death) occur over the lifetime course of the disease. Early intervention with atypical neuroleptics has been shown to prevent progression of at least some symptoms, although the mechanisms by which neuroleptics may do this remain(More)