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After 1 week of a single-blind placebo period, and prior to being randomly assigned to receive treatment with either fluoxetine or amitriptyline, patients meeting strict criteria for a diagnosis of major depressive disorder were given an auditory verbal learning test of working memory, and a blood sample was drawn. After 3 weeks of drug treatment with(More)
Fluoxetine, a new serotonin uptake blocking antidepressant, was compared with amitriptyline in a double-blind study. Patients were diagnosed as having major depression, according to DSM-III criteria, when interviewed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. There was significant improvement in patient and observer ratings of depression in both groups, with(More)
Low-dose scopolamine, given as presurgery medication, resulted in low levels of serum anticholinergic activity and caused measurable cognitive impairment in 18 psychiatrically healthy elderly patients. The degree of impairment was directly related to serum anticholinergic activity levels and, in the small subgroup of patients scheduled for spinal(More)
Single oral doses (5 mg) of haloperidol were administered to 36 healthy men (26 black, 10 white) of whom 28 (22 black, 6 white) completed the study. Plasma samples harvested over 96 hours were analyzed for haloperidol and reduced haloperidol by means of a new high performance liquid chromatographic method. Reduced haloperidol was detectable in the plasma of(More)
Typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs, though both effective, act on different neurotransmitter receptors and are dissimilar in some clinical effects and side effects. The typical antipsychotic drug haloperidol has been shown to cause a decrease in the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which plays an important role in neuronal cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Two recent reports have found associations between fibromyalgia and sexual victimization, but had methodologic characteristics that limited their interpretation. METHOD We compared 36 patients with fibromyalgia and 33 patients with rheumatoid arthritis by using structured interviews for sexual, physical, and emotional victimization histories, as(More)
Quetiapine is a new atypical antipsychotic drug widely used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. This study examined the influence of quetiapine on the decrease of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, induced by chronic immobilization stress, in the hippocampus of the rat. Pretreatment with 10 mg/kg of quetiapine(More)
The present study employed continuous blood withdrawal to examine epinephrine and norepinephrine responses to a cognitive stressor (mental arithmetic), active physical stressors (handgrip and knee bends), passive painful stressors (venipuncture and cold pressor), and a medical procedure that was considered nonstressful (blood pressure measurements). The(More)
A group of 48 inpatient alcoholics were studied using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia--Life-time Version (SADS-L) and the Brief Standard Self-rating for Phobic Patients. Approximately one-quarter of the patients were diagnosed as suffering from agoraphobia and social and mixed phobias. Approximately 44% were diagnosed as suffering(More)
Atypical antipsychotic drugs are widely used in the treatment of schizophrenia, and clinical evidence has shown that early and prolonged intervention with these drugs will improve the long-term outcome. It is still unclear, however, whether the atypical antipsychotic drugs are also neuroprotective. To clarify this matter, we used PC12 cell cultures and the(More)