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In Drosophila embryos, the loss of sprouty gene function enhances branching of the respiratory system. Three human sprouty homologues (h-Spry1-3) have been cloned recently, but their function is as yet unknown [1]. Here, we show that a murine sprouty gene (mSpry-2), the product of which shares 97% homology with the respective human protein, is expressed in(More)
Murine Sprouty2 (mSpry2) is a conserved ortholog of Drosophila Sprouty, a gene that inhibits several tyrosine kinase receptor pathways, resulting in net reduction of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation. However, the precise mechanism mediating mSpry2 function as a negative regulator in tyrosine kinase growth factor pathways that regulate(More)
The ends of human chromosomes (telomeres) lose up to 200 bp of DNA per cell division. Chromosomal shortening ultimately leads to senescence and death in normal cells. Many human carcinoma lines are immortal in vitro, suggesting that these cells have a mechanism for maintaining the ends of their chromosomes. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex that(More)
BACKGROUND Lymph node metastasis is a critical event in the progression of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). The identification of biomarkers associated with the metastatic process would provide critical prognostic information to facilitate clinical decision making. Previous studies showed that deregulation of manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2)(More)
Introduction Certain lipids have been shown to be ligands for a subgroup of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily known as the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Ligands for these transcription factors have been used in experimental cancer therapies. PPARs heterodimerize and bind DNA with retinoid X receptors (RXRs), which have homology(More)
attempt to isolate genes responsible for spontaneous and experimental metastasis in the mouse model Physiology and pathophysiology of nitric oxide in the nervous system, with special mention of the islands of Calleja and the circunventricular organs l e c u l a r mechanisms in the pathogeneis of traumatic brain injury M. El-Salhy: The possible role of the(More)
We have analyzed the expression of the three retinoic acid receptor (RAR) (a, 0, 7) mRNAs and the intermediate filament protein keratin 19 (K19) mRNA in cell lines cultured from oral and epidermal human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and from benign, hyperplastic, and hyperkeratotic (leukoplakia) lesions arising in various regions of the oral cavity. Seven(More)
BACKGROUND Integrin-extracellular matrix interactions activate signaling cascades such as mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK). Integrin binding to extracellular matrix increases tyrosine phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK). Inhibition of FAK activity by expression of its carboxyl terminus decreases cell motility, and cells from FAK deficient(More)
  • Beanca Y Chu, Kim Tran, Tony K S Ku, David L Crowe
  • 2005
RARs (retinoic acid receptors) mediate the effect of their ligand RA (retinoic acid) on gene expression. We previously showed that RA inhibited cellular proliferation in part by decreasing expression of the mitogen activated protein kinase ERK1 (extracellular signal regulated kinase 1). However, the mechanism by which RA regulates ERK1 expression is largely(More)
Smad7 was recently shown to antagonize TGF-beta-induced activation of signal-transducing Smad2 and Smad3 proteins. However, the biological function of Smad7 in the process of lung organogenesis is not known. Since Smad2/3-mediated TGF-beta signaling is known to inhibit embryonic lung branching morphogenesis, we tested the hypothesis that Smad7 regulates(More)