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1. Voltage-dependent calcium channels were studied with whole cell voltage-clamp recordings from neurons enzymatically dispersed from the ventral mesencephalon of rat brains (postnatal days 3-10) and identified as dopamine neurons by 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine autofluorescence. 2. Dopamine neurons had large high-threshold calcium currents activated by(More)
Midbrain dopamine neurons project extensively throughout the vertebrate forebrain and influence a wide variety of brain functions. These neurons, which are believed to form a major brain reward system, are involved in initiation and control of motor programs, addictive behaviors, and determination of mood. Given their critical role in behavioral function,(More)
The C. elegans egl-36 gene encodes a Shaw-type potassium channel that regulates egg-laying behavior. Gain of function [egl-36(gf)] and dominant negative [egl-36(dn)] mutations in egl-36 cause reciprocal defects in egg laying. An egl-36::gfp reporter is expressed in the egg-laying muscles and in a few other tissues. Expression of an egl-36(gf) cDNA in the(More)
BACKGROUND Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) are undifferentiated and mitotic and can be induced to differentiate into neurons and glia, the building blocks of the nervous system. NPCs have great therapeutic potential for nervous system trauma and degenerative disorders. They have been identified in the mammalian central nervous system, but current sources are(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are undifferentiated cells in the central nervous system (CNS) that are capable of self-renewal and can be induced to differentiate into neurons and glia. Current sources of mammalian NSCs are confined to regions of the CNS that are critical to normal function and surgically difficult to access, which limits their therapeutic(More)
Sigmodontinae is a group of rodents with a rich and complex diversification in South America. Among them, the tribe Phyllotini comprises at least ten genera and exhibits high chromosome variability. It was proposed that chromosome evolution in mammals is influenced by centromeric meiotic drive (CMD). This mechanism of chromosome transmission generates a(More)
The Harvard community has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract Neural stem cells (NSCs) are undifferentiated cells in the central nervous system (CNS) that are capable of self-renewal and can be induced to differentiate into neurons and glia. Current sources of mammalian NSCs are(More)
In this report, I present a simple model using springs to conceptualize the relationship between ionic conductances across a cellular membrane and their effect on membrane potential. The equation describing the relationships linking membrane potential, ionic equilibrium potential, and ionic conductance is of similar form to that describing the force(More)
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