David L. Brandon

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Soy protein is a major component of the diet of food-producing animals and is increasingly important in the human diet. However, soy protein is not an ideal protein because it is deficient in the essential amino acid methionine. Methionine supplementation benefits soy infant formulas, but apparently not food intended for adults with an adequate nitrogen(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are among the most potent biological toxins for humans. They are primarily produced by the gram-positive, anaerobic spore-forming bacterium, Clostridium botulinum. In bacterial cultures, secreted BoNTs are associated with non-toxic accessory proteins forming large complexes. Neurotoxin-associated proteins have been shown to(More)
The castor seed contains ricin, which is one of the most potent biological toxins and is widely considered to be a threat agent for bioterrorism. In this study, a rapid and sensitive PCR method was applied to the detection of castor contamination in milk and liquid egg samples. The targeting gene sequence of the primer set, Ricin-F4/R4, was not found in(More)
Protease inhibitors have been shown to be effective suppressors of carcinogenesis in vitro and in vivo. For example, the soybean-derived Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) suppresses dimethylhydrazine-induced colon carcinogenesis in mice. Relatively little is known about the effects of protease inhibitors on intestinal epithelial cells. In the present study, we(More)
The localization of cytokinins in corn root tips was investigated using antibodies or antibody fragments directed against dihydrozeatin riboside and labeled with rhodamine or colloidal gold. Roots were sectioned at -30 degrees to -40 degrees for immunofluorescence or freeze-substituted in ethanol or acetone and embedded in plastic for electron microscopy.(More)
Reliable, sensitive, and high-throughput methods are essential for food defense, to detect foodborne contaminants and to facilitate remediation and recovery from potential toxin-related incidents. Ricin is a protein toxin that has been used for intentional contamination of foods in the past. In this study, we developed procedures for quantification of ricin(More)
The World Health Organization (WHO) and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have labeled botulinum toxins as a high priority biological agent that may be used in terrorist attacks against food supplies. Due to this threat there is an increased need to develop fast and effective methods to detect active botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs). This(More)
Regulatory authorities, the food industry and the consumer demand reliable determination of chemical contaminants present in foods. A relatively new analytical technique that addresses this need is an immunobiosensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurements. Although a range of tests have been developed to measure residues in milk, meat, animal(More)
Soybean proteins are widely used in human foods in a variety of forms, including infant formulas, flour, protein concentrates, protein isolates, soy sauces, textured soy fibers, and tofu. The presence of inhibitors of digestive enzymes in soy proteins impairs the nutritional quality and possibly the safety of soybeans and other legumes. Processing, based on(More)