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Nanometric hybrid gadolinium oxide particles (Gado-6Si-NP) for diagnostic and therapeutic applications (mean diameter 3-4 nm) were obtained by encapsulating Gd(2)O(3) cores within a polysiloxane shell, which carries organic fluorophore (Cy 5) and is derivatized by a hydrophilic carboxylic layer. As residency time in the living body and methods of waste(More)
INTRODUCTION We developed a new fully automated method for the radiosynthesis of [18F]fluorocholine by modifying the commercial 2-[18F]fluoro-2-d-deoxy-glucose ([18F]FDG) synthesizer module (GE TracerLab MX, formerly Coincidence). METHODS [18F]Flurocholine was synthesized by (18)F-fluoroalkylation of N,N-dimethylaminoethanol using [18F]fluorobromomethane(More)
Gadolinium-based nanoparticles are novel objects with interesting physical properties, allowing their use for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Gadolinium-based nanoparticles were imaged following intravenous injection in healthy rats and rats grafted with 9L gliosarcoma tumors using magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphic imaging. Quantitative(More)
Ultrasmall gadolinium based particles have been functionalized with positively charged pyridinium quaternary ammonium and labelled with (111)In. Evidence of their active targeting properties towards proteoglycans has been demonstrated in vivo after intravenous injection into rats opening thus a route to cancer imaging and therapy.
UNLABELLED This work takes place in the "cartilage targeting strategy", consisting in using the quaternary ammonium (QA) function as a vector to proteoglycans (PGs) of extracellular matrix (ECM). The objective was to demonstrate that QA could address gadolinium based small rigid platforms (SRP) to PG-rich tumors. SRP were functionalized with QA,(More)
Multidrug resistance, aggressiveness and accelerated choline metabolism are hallmarks of malignancy and have motivated the development of new PET tracers like 18F-FCH, an analogue of choline. Our aim was to study the relationship of multidrug resistance of cultured glioma cell lines and 18F-FCH tracer uptake. We used an in vitro multidrug-resistant (MDR)(More)
Gadolinium based nanoparticles (GBNs, diameter 2.9±0.2nm), have promising biodistribution properties for theranostic use in-vivo. We aimed at demonstrating the radiosensitizing effect of these GBNs in experimental radioresistant human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SQ20B, FaDu and Cal33 cell lines). Combining 0.6mM GBNs with 250kV photon irradiation(More)
Owing to their tunable optical properties and their high absorption cross-section of X- and γ-ray, gold nanostructures appear as promising agents for remotely controlled therapy. Since the efficiency of cancer therapy is not limited to the eradication of the tumour but rests also on the sparing of healthy tissue, a biodistribution study is required in order(More)
The human Matrix MetalloProtease-9 (hMMP-9) is overexpressed in tumors where it promotes the release of cancer cells thus contributing to tumor metastasis. We raised aptamers against hMMP-9, which constitutes a validated marker of malignant tumors, in order to design probes for imaging tumors in human beings. A chemically modified RNA aptamer (F3B), fully(More)
Small Rigid Platforms (SRPs) are sub-5 nanometre gadolinium based nanoparticles that have been developed for multimodal imaging and theranostic applications. They are composed of a polysiloxane network surrounded by gadolinium chelates. A covalent coupling with quinoxaline derivatives has been performed. Such derivatives have proven their affinity for(More)