David Krusch

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BACKGROUND Some clinicians administer prophylactic antibiotics routinely before laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and the results of some of the studies in the literature support this practice. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to determine whether administration of prophylactic antibiotics is necessary during routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy in(More)
A Sternberg memory search task was administered under placebo and methylphenidate to 42 children with cross-situational attention deficit disorder (ADD), 31 children with cross-situational ADD plus oppositional features, and 25 patients with marginal ADD. Overall, stimulant medication enhanced accuracy and speed. In addition, patients reacted faster on(More)
Clinical and translational research increasingly requires computation. Projects may involve multiple computationally oriented groups including information technology (IT) professionals, computer scientists, and biomedical informaticians. However, many biomedical researchers are not aware of the distinctions among these complementary groups, leading to(More)
The nonrecirculating isolated perfused rat liver was used to study biliary antibiotic excretion by the liver in a steady-state, controlled environment in which bile flow, bile salt output, and antibiotic delivery were maintained under constant conditions. The effects of piperacillin, ampicillin, and gentamicin on bile flow and bile salt output were(More)
Anatomic alterations of the pancreas result in physiologic alterations that have not been completely analyzed. Insulin plays a major role in carbohydrate metabolism; nevertheless, as much as 50% of a hyperglycemic load may be metabolized independent of insulin. We analyzed the effects of surgical alterations of the pancreas on postoperative glucose(More)
BACKGROUND Adoption rates for electronic health records (EHRs) have been slow, despite growing enthusiasm. Cost is a frequently cited obstacle to implementing an EHR. The body of literature citing a positive return on investment is largely anecdotal and infrequently published in peer-reviewed journals. STUDY DESIGN Five ambulatory offices, with a total of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relative effectiveness of two self-help smoking interventions as adjuncts to a self-help manual and telephone support service (hotline) for older smokers. DESIGN Subjects were stratified on baseline variables and randomised to one of two treatment conditions in a methods development study. SUBJECTS 177 community-dwelling(More)
Canine pancreas was perfused with an intraarterial infusion of Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solution containing 5% dog red blood cells, 0.1% bovine serum albumin, and 3% dextran at 15 ml/min, while portal effluent was continuously collected. Pancreatic juice was obtained in 15-min samples via main pancreatic duct cannulation. After a 1-h basal period, secretin(More)
Segmental pancreatic autotransplantation is accompanied by surgical alterations to the pancreas that may have consequences for carbohydrate metabolism. Four mongrel dogs were evaluated before operation and sequentially until 40 weeks after total pancreatectomy and autotransplantation of the splenic lobe of the pancreas with bolus intravenous and oral(More)
It has long been believed that the liver is the major contributor to glucose balance during fasting and stressful situations. Recently, investigators have implicated the kidney as having a significant contribution to systemic glucose appearance. We studied the relative contributions of the kidney and liver to glucose homeostasis in fasted nonoperated,(More)