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BACKGROUND The left superior vena cava (LSVC) is the embryological precursor of the ligament of Marshall, which has been implicated in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). Rarely, the LSVC may persist and has been associated with some organized arrhythmias, though not with AF. We report 5 patients in whom the LSVC was a source of(More)
A 65-year-old man with symptomatic atrial fibrillation refractory to medical therapy was referred for repeat pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. Clinical symptoms included paroxysmal palpitations once to twice per week with associated light-headedness and chest pain. Initial PV isolation had been performed 6 months earlier without cessation of atrial(More)
Malnutrition is common in haemodialysis (HD) and is linked to poor outcomes. This study aimed to describe changes in body composition after the initiation of HD and investigate whether any routinely collected parameters were associated with these changes. The study cohort came from the HD population of a single centre between 2009 and 2014. Body composition(More)
Case report Fingolimod (sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) mod-ulator; FTY720) has been recently identified as a novel therapeutic agent in multiple sclerosis. However, several reports in current literature raise concerns regarding rare cases of cardiac complications as a consequence of the medication [1–3]. A 24-year-old lady was electively admitted(More)
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has undergone considerable technology advances in recent years, so that it is now entering into mainstream cardiac imaging practice. In particular, CMR is proving to be a valuable imaging tool in the detection, morphological assessment and functional assessment of cardiomyopathies. Although our understanding of this(More)