David K. Spady

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The suitability of the adult male cynomolgus monkey as a model for investigating genetic mechanisms that regulate dietary cholesterolemic response was evaluated by carrying out a systematic characterization of the major aspects of cholesterol metabolism in this species. In monkeys maintained on a diet enriched with saturated fat but low in cholesterol(More)
These studies examine the regulation of plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels by varying quantities of dietary saturated and polyunsaturated triacylglycerols. At a constant load of 0.12% cholesterol and 20% triacylglycerol, substitution of polyunsaturated for saturated triacylglycerols caused LDL receptor activity to increase from 25% to(More)
The relationship between rates of hepatic sterol synthesis and rates of hepatic low density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake (clearance) was studied in animals with high (rats), low (female hamsters), and very low (male hamsters) basal rates of hepatic sterol synthesis. In rats and female hamsters, rates of hepatic sterol synthesis were varied over a 110-fold range(More)
Rates of sterol synthesis in various tissues commonly are assessed by assaying levels of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase on isolated microsomes or by measuring the rates of incorporation of various 14C-labeled substrates or [3H]water into cholesterol by whole cell preparations in vitro or by the tissues of the whole animal in vivo. While(More)
The concentration dependence and tissue distribution of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester and apolipoprotein (apo) transport were determined in apoA-I knockout mice (apoA-I-/-) that lack normal HDL in plasma. Rates of HDL cholesteryl ester clearance were highly sensitive to plasma HDL cholesteryl ester concentrations with clearance rates(More)
These studies were undertaken to determine the role of receptor-independent low density lipoprotein (LDL) transport in cholesterol balance across individual tissues and the whole animal. Homologous LDL, which measures total LDL transport, and methylated heterologous LDL, which measures receptor-independent LDL uptake, were cleared from the plasma at very(More)
These studies were undertaken to investigate the mechanism whereby diet modification alters the plasma concentration of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester and apoA-I and to determine whether diet-induced alterations in circulating HDL levels are associated with changes in the rate of reverse cholesterol transport. Rates of HDL cholesteryl(More)
Dietary triglycerides containing predominantly poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to reduce plasma total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations relative to triglycerides containing predominantly saturated fatty acids. However, there is little information regarding the independent effects of individual n-6 and n-3 PUFAs on(More)
We determined the effects of dietary n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on parameters of plasma lipoprotein and hepatic lipid metabolism in LDL receptor (LDLr) knockout mice. Dietary n-3 PUFA decreased the rate of appearance and increased the hepatic clearance of IDL/LDL resulting in a marked decrease in the plasma concentration of these(More)