David K. Kimemia

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Despite the commendable success in household electrification, energy poverty is still a challenge in South Africa [1], with many residents of low-income settlements unable either to afford or to access modern energy carriers. Energy related accidents such as shack fires and paraffin poisonings are a common phenomenon amongst poor communities, resulting in(More)
In 2000, the African National Congress (ANC) through its election manifesto, made promises to provide free basic services to all poor South Africans. This was later quantified as 6 000 litres of water and 50 kWh of free basic electricity (FBE) monthly per household. Regarding the issuance of FBE, qualifying residents were registered and had to agree to a(More)
Urban energy poverty is prevalent in dense low-income settlements of African conurbations, including the Gauteng megacity. The prevailing energy poverty is a key contributor to fires, burn injuries, health impairments, insecurity, and community dissatisfaction and violence. Broadening access to clean and safe energy has the potential to improve community(More)
Paraffin lamps are commonly used as light sources in low-income, off-grid households. Pollutant emissions from these appliances are a potential health hazard and a cause of material soiling by soot deposits. This paper reports on evaluation of emissions of two off-the-shelf paraffin lamps (a standard lantern and a glass lamp) - considered as baseline(More)
Productive energy services are often overlooked in domestic energy access programs; yet people cannot raise their welfare except by engaging in economic activities. Household energy demand(s) should be viewed in two components, that is, residential and productive energy services. Although the South African government prioritised electricity distribution(More)
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