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DNA-binding transcriptional regulators interpret the genome's regulatory code by binding to specific sequences to induce or repress gene expression. Comparative genomics has recently been used to identify potential cis-regulatory sequences within the yeast genome on the basis of phylogenetic conservation, but this information alone does not reveal if or(More)
We have determined how most of the transcriptional regulators encoded in the eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae associate with genes across the genome in living cells. Just as maps of metabolic networks describe the potential pathways that may be used by a cell to accomplish metabolic processes, this network of regulator-gene interactions describes(More)
The transcription factors OCT4, SOX2, and NANOG have essential roles in early development and are required for the propagation of undifferentiated embryonic stem (ES) cells in culture. To gain insights into transcriptional regulation of human ES cells, we have identified OCT4, SOX2, and NANOG target genes using genome-scale location analysis. We found,(More)
The mechanisms by which embryonic stem (ES) cells self-renew while maintaining the ability to differentiate into virtually all adult cell types are not well understood. Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are transcriptional repressors that help to maintain cellular identity during metazoan development by epigenetic modification of chromatin structure. PcG(More)
Eukaryotic genomes are packaged into nucleosomes whose position and chemical modification state can profoundly influence regulation of gene expression. We profiled nucleosome modifications across the yeast genome using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with DNA microarrays to produce high-resolution genome-wide maps of histone acetylation and(More)
Genome-wide location analysis was used to determine how the yeast cell cycle gene expression program is regulated by each of the nine known cell cycle transcriptional activators. We found that cell cycle transcriptional activators that function during one stage of the cell cycle regulate transcriptional activators that function during the next stage. This(More)
In a new algorithm for maintaining replicated data, every copy of a replicated file is assigned some number of votes. Every transaction collects a read quorum of <italic>r</italic>votes to read a file, and a write quorum of <italic>w</italic>votes to write a file, such that <italic>r</italic>+<italic>w</italic> is greater than the total number of votes(More)
Polycomb group proteins are essential for early development in metazoans, but their contributions to human development are not well understood. We have mapped the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) subunit SUZ12 across the entire nonrepeat portion of the genome in human embryonic stem (ES) cells. We found that SUZ12 is distributed across large portions of(More)
A <i>semantic file system</i> is an information storage system that provides flexible associative access to the system's contents by automatically extracting attributes from files with file type specific <i>transducers</i>. Associative access is provided by a conservative extension to existing tree-structured file system protocols, and by protocols that are(More)
The transcriptional regulatory networks that specify and maintain human tissue diversity are largely uncharted. To gain insight into this circuitry, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation combined with promoter microarrays to identify systematically the genes occupied by the transcriptional regulators HNF1alpha, HNF4alpha, and HNF6, together with RNA(More)