Learn More
We have used virtual screening to develop models for the binding of aryl substituted heterocycles to p38α MAPK. Virtual screening was conducted on a number of p38α MAPK crystal structures using a library of 46 known p38α MAPK inhibitors containing a heterocyclic core substituted by pyridine and fluorophenyl rings (structurally related to SB203580) and a set(More)
Fragment screening is becoming widely accepted as a technique to identify hit compounds for the development of novel lead compounds. In neighboring laboratories, we have recently, and independently, performed a fragment screening campaign on the HIV-1 integrase core domain (IN) using similar commercially purchased fragment libraries. The two campaigns used(More)
The antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis B is limited by the selection of antiviral resistance mutations. Primary resistance to lamivudine occurs at rtM2041/V in the C Domain of the polymerase. Recently, resistance to adefovir has also been described in the D Domain at rtN236T. The treatment of patients with resistant virus without complete suppression(More)
Fragment-based screening methods can be used to discover novel active site or allosteric inhibitors for therapeutic intervention. Using saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR and in vitro activity assays, we have identified fragment-sized inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) with distinct chemical scaffolds and mechanisms compared to(More)
We report the development of homology models of dopamine (D(2), D(3), and D(4)), serotonin (5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), and 5-HT(2C)), histamine (H(1)), and muscarinic (M(1)) receptors, based on the high-resolution structure of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. The homology models were built and refined using Prime. We have addressed the required modeling(More)
Dimeric derivatives (compounds 7 to 9) of the influenza virus neuraminidase inhibitor zanamivir (compound 2), which have linking groups of 14 to 18 atoms in length, are approximately 100-fold more potent inhibitors of influenza virus replication in vitro and in vivo than zanamivir. The observed optimum linker length of 18 to 22 A, together with observations(More)
Liver-fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) is found in high levels in enterocytes and is involved in cytosolic solubilization of fatty acids. In addition, L-FABP has been shown to bind endogenous and exogenous lipophilic compounds, suggesting that it may also play a role in modulating their absorption and disposition within enterocytes. Previously, we have(More)
We report on the aggregation and dynamic behavior of excipients in type I and surfactant-free lipid formulations containing water-soluble cosolvents. Specifically we have investigated the internal structure of mixed glyceride formulations, with and without propylene glycol, in the anhydrous state and during dilution into water. We performed molecular(More)
HIV integrase (IN) is an essential enzyme in HIV replication and an important target for drug design. IN has been shown to interact with a number of cellular and viral proteins during the integration process. Disruption of these important interactions could provide a mechanism for allosteric inhibition of IN. We present the highest resolution crystal(More)
Bile components play a significant role in the absorption of dietary fat, by solubilizing the products of fat digestion. The absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs from the gastrointestinal tract is often enhanced by interaction with the pathways of fat digestion and absorption. These processes can enhance drug absorption. Thus, the phase behavior of bile(More)