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We have used virtual screening to develop models for the binding of aryl substituted heterocycles to p38α MAPK. Virtual screening was conducted on a number of p38α MAPK crystal structures using a library of 46 known p38α MAPK inhibitors containing a heterocyclic core substituted by pyridine and fluorophenyl rings (structurally related to SB203580) and a set(More)
Fragment-based screening methods can be used to discover novel active site or allosteric inhibitors for therapeutic intervention. Using saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR and in vitro activity assays, we have identified fragment-sized inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) with distinct chemical scaffolds and mechanisms compared to(More)
Fragment screening is becoming widely accepted as a technique to identify hit compounds for the development of novel lead compounds. In neighboring laboratories, we have recently, and independently, performed a fragment screening campaign on the HIV-1 integrase core domain (IN) using similar commercially purchased fragment libraries. The two campaigns used(More)
The antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis B is limited by the selection of antiviral resistance mutations. Primary resistance to lamivudine occurs at rtM2041/V in the C Domain of the polymerase. Recently, resistance to adefovir has also been described in the D Domain at rtN236T. The treatment of patients with resistant virus without complete suppression(More)
While the general features of HIV-1 integrase function are understood, there is still uncertainty about the composition of the integration complex and how integrase interacts with viral and host DNA. We propose an improved model of the integration complex based on current experimental evidence including a comparison with the homologous Tn5 transposase(More)
The three-dimensional solution structure of antiobesity drug (AOD), a 15-residue, disulfide-bonded, cyclic peptide, cyclo(6,13)-H2N-Leu-Arg-Ile-Val-Gln-Cys-Arg-Ser-Val-Glu-Gly-Ser-Cys-Gly-Phe-OH, derived from the C-terminal domain of the human growth hormone (hGH) (residues 177-191) was determined using two-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy. AOD stimulates(More)
Liver-fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) is found in high levels in enterocytes and is involved in cytosolic solubilization of fatty acids. In addition, L-FABP has been shown to bind endogenous and exogenous lipophilic compounds, suggesting that it may also play a role in modulating their absorption and disposition within enterocytes. Previously, we have(More)
We report on the aggregation and dynamic behavior of excipients in type I and surfactant-free lipid formulations containing water-soluble cosolvents. Specifically we have investigated the internal structure of mixed glyceride formulations, with and without propylene glycol, in the anhydrous state and during dilution into water. We performed molecular(More)
The current studies were undertaken to explore the potential basis for a significant difference in the pharmacokinetic parameters after intravenous administration of a synthetic ozonide (OZ) antimalarial drug candidate (1) to rats when formulated in either Captisol (a sulfobutylether substituted beta-cyclodextrin derivative ((SBE)(7)-beta-CD)) or a buffered(More)
We report the development of homology models of dopamine (D(2), D(3), and D(4)), serotonin (5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), and 5-HT(2C)), histamine (H(1)), and muscarinic (M(1)) receptors, based on the high-resolution structure of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. The homology models were built and refined using Prime. We have addressed the required modeling(More)