David K. Blough

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BACKGROUND The management of warfarin therapy is complicated by a wide variation among patients in drug response. Variants in the gene encoding vitamin K epoxide reductase complex 1 (VKORC1) may affect the response to warfarin. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of European-American patients receiving long-term warfarin maintenance therapy.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of foot ulcers in a large cohort of patients with diabetes, the risk of developing serious complications after diagnosis, and the attributable cost of care compared with that in patients without foot ulcers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Retrospective cohort study of patients with diabetes in a large staff-model health(More)
Traditionally, linear regression has been the technique of choice for predicting medical risk. This paper presents a new approach to modeling the second part of two-part models utilizing extensions of the generalized linear model. The primary method of estimation for this model is maximum likelihood. This method as well as the generalizations(More)
  • Mary F. Hebert, X Ma, +15 authors P Vicini
  • Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
  • 2009
Glyburide's pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics have not been studied in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The objective of this study was to assess steady-state PK of glyburide, as well as insulin sensitivity, beta-cell responsivity, and overall disposition indices after a mixed-meal tolerance test (MMTT) in women with GDM (n = 40),(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to define the haplotype structure of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 gene in a European American population and evaluate associations between CYP2C9 haplotypes and anticoagulation-related outcomes. METHODS Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid from 192 European American patients stabilized on warfarin therapy was resequenced(More)
This study investigated the neural correlates of virtual reality analgesia. Virtual reality significantly reduced subjective pain ratings (i.e. analgesia). Using fMRI, pain-related brain activity was measured for each participant during conditions of no virtual reality and during virtual reality (order randomized). As predicted, virtual reality(More)
Cyclosporine is a marketed immunosuppressive agent and a known substrate for CYP3A. Micafungin is an antifungal agent and a mild inhibitor of CYP3A-mediated metabolism in vitro. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine and micafungin before and with concomitant administration. The pharmacokinetics of single-dose(More)
Care of veterans and servicemembers with major traumatic limb loss from combat theaters is one of the highest priorities of the Department of Veteran Affairs. We achieved a 62% response rate in our Survey for Prosthetic Use from 298 Vietnam war veterans and 283 servicemembers/veterans from Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) who(More)
Vitamin D(3) is critical for the regulation of calcium and phosphate homeostasis. In some individuals, mineral homeostasis can be disrupted by long-term therapy with certain antiepileptic drugs and the antimicrobial agent rifampin, resulting in drug-induced osteomalacia, which is attributed to vitamin D deficiency. We now report a novel CYP3A4-dependent(More)
Despite several studies suggesting that CYP3A5 expression can influence the extent of hepatic CYP3A-mediated inhibition, a systematic in vitro-in vivo evaluation of this potential clinically important issue has not been reported. Using representative probes from two distinct CYP3A substrate subgroups (midazolam, erythromycin), the inhibitory potency of(More)