David Jungck

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) therapy is complicated by corticosteroid resistance of the interleukin 8 (IL-8)-dependent and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-dependent chronic airway inflammation, for whose establishment human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) might be crucial. It is unclear whether the release of(More)
BACKGROUND There is an urgent need to inhibit endothelin-1 (ET-1) induced chronic inflammatory processes in early stages of lung diseases in order to prevent untreatable irreversible stages often accompanied by lung fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension. Nothing is known about the airway inflammation-inducing and/or maintaining role of ET-1 in human airway(More)
Thalidomide is a powerful treatment for inflammatory and cancer-based diseases. However, its clinical use remains limited due to its teratogenic properties, which primarily affect limb development. A prerequisite for overcoming these limitations is to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying thalidomide teratogenicity, which involve(More)
Airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is believed to be insensitive to corticosteroids. However, corticosteroids are recommended in COPD (GOLD stages III, IV) with frequent exacerbations. Resveratrol has anti-inflammatory properties and could be an alternative to corticosteroids in COPD therapy. We investigated the effect of(More)
RATIONALE The increased susceptibility to bacterial infections in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is critical for exacerbations. Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) detects bacteria via LPS and induces IFN-γ-based immune responses. The direct responsiveness of Th1 lymphocytes to LPS is disputed because they lack surface expression of the TLR4(More)
During bacterial infections, pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) induce cytokine/chemokine release in immunoactive cells. This increases corticosteroid-resistant airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and leads to exacerbations. Anti-inflammatory therapies other than corticosteroids are required and resveratrol is(More)
The susceptibility to bacterial infections is increased in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This promotes exacerbations. IL-2 triggers CD4(+)/Th1-cell proliferation, which is important for infection defense. Bacterial endotoxin (LPS) activates MyD88/IRAK and TRIF/IKKε/TBK1 pathways via Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) in Th1 cells. Systemic defects(More)
T-lymphocytes are crucial in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pathogenesis. Especially T(H)1-lymphocytes are involved in local and systemic inflammation in COPD, yet the role of T(H)2-mediated immune-responses in COPD pathogenesis is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to examine IL-5 expression in T(H)2-lymphocytes in smokers(More)
Endothelin receptor antagonists (ETRAs), authorized for pulmonary hypertension, have failed to prove their utility in chronic lung diseases with corticosteroid-resistant airway inflammation when applied at late disease stages with emphysema/fibrosis. Earlier administration might prove effective by targeting the interaction between airway inflammation and(More)
Bacterial infections induce exacerbations in chronic lung diseases, e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by enhancing airway inflammation. Exacerbations are frequently associated with right heart decompensation and accelerate disease progression. Endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) might have therapeutic potential as pulmonary vasodilators(More)