David John Soucek

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Both point- and nonpoint-sources of pollution have contributed to increased inorganic nitrogen concentrations in freshwater ecosystems. Although numerous studies have investigated the toxic effects of ammonia on freshwater species, relatively little work has been performed to characterize the acute toxicity of the other two common inorganic nitrogen(More)
Although insects occur in nearly all freshwater ecosystems, few sensitive insect models exist for use in determining the toxicity of contaminants. The objectives of the present study were to adapt previously developed culturing and toxicity testing methods for the mayfly Neocloeon triangulifer (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae), and to further develop a method for(More)
Boron enters the aquatic environment from various sources, including weathering of borates, sewage effluents, coal combustion, use of cleaning compounds, and agrochemicals. The present study was designed to generate data on acute and chronic boron toxicity in support of an update of water quality standards in Illinois, USA. We examined the acute toxicity of(More)
The acute toxicity of sulfate to Ceriodaphnia dubia, Chironomus tentans, Hyalella azteca, and Sphaerium simile was assessed to support potential updates of Illinois (USA) sulfate criteria for the protection of aquatic life. The mean lethal concentrations to 50% of a sample population (LC50s), expressed as mg S04(-2)/L, in moderately hard reconstituted water(More)
Based on previous observations that hardness (and potentially chloride) influences sodium sulfate toxicity, the objective of the current study was to quantify the influence of both chloride and water hardness on acute toxicity to Hyalella azteca and Ceriodaphnia dubia. In addition, observed toxicity data from the present study were compared to toxicity(More)
Our purpose was to determine if the acute and sub-lethal effects of fog oil, an obscurant used for military training, could be observed in realistic field exposures. To this end, we exposed Daphnia magna to oil fogs under actual release conditions at a U.S. Army training site. Guided by field investigations, acute toxicity experiments were conducted in the(More)
I tested the hypothesis that if sodium sulfate alters the bioenergetics of Ceriodaphnia dubia, concentrations that cause reduced fecundity in the short (7-day) and long (5 generations) term should also cause changes in feeding rate and/or metabolism, measured as oxygen consumption. In addition, to test the hypothesis that an altered bioenergetic level(More)
The Clinch and Powell Rivers (Virginia, USA) support diverse mussel assemblages. Extensive coal mining occurs in both watersheds. In large reaches of both rivers, major ion concentrations are elevated and mussels have been extirpated or are declining. We conducted a laboratory study to assess major ion effects on growth and survival of juvenile Villosa(More)
The hypothesis tested in this study was if a pulse of precipitating aluminum (Al) at circumneutral pH covers the body of an invertebrate and, therefore, reduces the surface area available for respiration, organisms exposed to precipitating Al in an experimental system should consume less oxygen than organisms not exposed to aluminum. To test this(More)
The modified ecotoxicological rating (METR) approach to synthesizing integrative bioassessment data into a single number ranging from 0 to 100 was found to differentiate between multiple levels of impacts from acid mine drainage (AMD). Our objective was to develop a more cost-effective and time-efficient bioassessment technique than previously used in other(More)