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UNLABELLED Entecavir (ETV) is a potent inhibitor of viral replication in nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-naïve chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the long term efficacy and safety of ETV in NA-naïve CHB patients, particularly in those with detectable hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA after 48 weeks, in whom treatment(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney injury (CKI), yet the impact of liver transplantation (LT) on renal function in this at-risk group is not known. We compared the post-LT renal function of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and a matched comparison group. Forty-eight consecutive patients who(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cirrhosis with liver failure due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common indication for liver transplantation (LT). Reinfection of the transplanted liver by HCV is inevitable, and aggressive hepatitis with accelerated progression to graft cirrhosis may be observed. Of concern, recent reports suggest that the outcome of LT(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Orthotopic liver transplantation has an established role for the treatment of patients with chronic liver failure secondary to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Unfortunately, recurrent infection of the graft can be associated with aggressive disease, and with diminished graft and patient survival. Currently, the role of nucleoside(More)
BACKGROUND The nonstructural 3 serine protease inhibitors (PIs), boceprevir and telaprevir, represent the first in a new generation of directly acting antivirals against genotype 1 hepatitis C (HCV) infection. When used in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin, these drugs greatly improve sustained virological response rates in both(More)
We report 4 patients with fulminant hepatic failure who developed prolonged intracranial hypertension (> 35 mm Hg for 24-38 h) that was refractory to standard therapy and associated with impaired cerebral perfusion pressure (< 50 mm Hg for 2-72 h). All survived with complete neurological recovery. Refractory elevation of intracranial pressure and reduced(More)
BACKGROUND Clinicians use fibrosis in a liver biopsy to predict clinical outcomes of chronic liver disease. The performance of non-invasive tests has been evaluated against histological assessment of fibrosis but use of clinical outcomes as the reference standard would be ideal. The enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test was derived and validated in a large(More)
BACKGROUND Orthotopic liver transplantation in patients positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA is associated with a high reinfection rate, even with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) prophylaxis. Nucleoside analogues that inhibit hepatitis B replication in patients with chronic hepatitis B could prevent reinfection after transplantation. The aim of this(More)
We describe mutations in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase gene in viruses which reactivated in two patients during therapy with -2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine, or lamivudine (3TC), and following orthotopic liver transplantation for chronic hepatitis B. Virus resistance to 3TC is associated with mutations which lead to amino acid substitutions in the highly(More)
A meeting of physicians and scientists involved in the management of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) was held to review current scientific data regarding antiviral resistance in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The goals of the meeting were to describe current treatments for CHB, discuss emerging issues in HBV drug resistance and to delineate patient(More)