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Identification of the genes underlying complex phenotypes and the definition of the evolutionary forces that have shaped eukaryotic genomes are among the current challenges in molecular genetics. Variation in gene copy number is increasingly recognized as a source of inter-individual differences in genome sequence and has been proposed as a driving force(More)
Nucleotide sequence was obtained for a region of 7,099 bp spanning the nifU, nifS, nifV, nifW, nifZ, and nifM genes from Azotobacter chroococcum. Chromosomal mutations constructed at several sites within the locus confirmed a requirement for this region for expression of the molybdenum nitrogenase in this organism. The genes are tightly clustered and(More)
Haemophilus influenzae (Hi), a commensal of the human respiratory mucosa, is an important cause of localized and systemic infections. We show that distinct strains belonging to typable (THi) and non-typable (NTHi) H. influenzae target human carcinoembryonic antigens (the membrane associated CEA family of cell adhesion molecules, are now termed CEACAMs). All(More)
Globally, echovirus 30 (E30) is one of the most frequently identified enteroviruses and a major cause of meningitis. Despite its wide distribution, little is known about its transmission networks or the dynamics of its recombination and geographical spread. To address this, we have conducted an extensive molecular epidemiology and evolutionary study of E30(More)
Epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) and short consensus repeat (SCR) domains are commonly found in cell surface and soluble proteins that mediate specific protein-protein recognition events. Unlike the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, very little is known about the general properties of intermolecular interactions encoded by these common modules, and in(More)
Intact tissues are relatively resistant to Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced disease, and injury predisposes tissue to infection. Intact epithelia contain polarized cells that have distinct apical and basolateral membranes with unique lipids and proteins. In this study, the role of cell polarity in epithelial cell susceptibility to P. aeruginosa virulence(More)
We previously cloned a genomic DNA fragment from the serogroup O11 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PA103 that contained all genes necessary for O-antigen synthesis and directed the expression of serogroup O11 antigen on recombinant Escherichia coli and Salmonella. To elucidate the pathway of serogroup O11 antigen synthesis, the nucleotide sequence of the(More)
The pili of Neisseria meningitidis are a key virulence factor, being major adhesins of this capsulate organism that contribute to specificity for the human host. Recently it has been reported that meningococcal pili are post-translationally modified by the addition of an O-linked trisaccharide, Gal (beta1-4) Gal (alpha1-3)(More)
The human pathogens Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae express a family of variable outer membrane opacity-associated (Opa) proteins that recognize multiple human cell surface receptors. Most Opa proteins target the highly conserved N-terminal domain of the CD66 family of adhesion molecules, although a few also interact with heparan sulphate(More)
The existence and functional importance of RNA secondary structure in the replication of positive-stranded RNA viruses is increasingly recognized. We applied several computational methods to detect RNA secondary structure in the coding region of hepatitis C virus (HCV), including thermodynamic prediction, calculation of free energy on folding, and a newly(More)