David Johannes Haile

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We have isolated and characterized a novel iron-regulated gene that is homologous to the divalent metal transporter 1 family of metal transporters. This gene, termed metal transporter protein (mtp1), is expressed in tissues involved in body iron homeostasis including the developing and mature reticuloendothelial system, the duodenum, and the pregnant(More)
Iron accumulation in the brain occurs in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Two new iron transport proteins have been identified that may help elucidate the mechanism of abnormal iron accumulation. The Divalent Metal Transporter 1 (DMT1), is responsible for iron uptake from the gut and transport from endosomes. The Metal Transport Protein 1 (MTP1)(More)
The CTR1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a protein required for high affinity copper uptake. The protein is expressed on the plasma membrane, is heavily glycosylated with O-linkages, and exists as an oligomer in vivo. The transcript abundance is strongly regulated by copper availability, being induced by copper deprivation and repressed by copper(More)
We report the identification and characterization of CTR1, a gene in the yeast S. cerevisiae that encodes a multispanning plasma membrane protein specifically required for high affinity copper transport into the cell. The predicted protein contains a methionine- and serine-rich domain that includes 11 examples of the sequence Met-X2-Met, a motif noted in(More)
Frataxin deficiency in Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA) causes cardiac, endocrine, and nervous system manifestations. Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein, and adequate amounts are essential for cellular iron homeostasis. The main histological lesion in the brain of FRDA patients is neuronal atrophy and a peculiar proliferation of synaptic terminals in the dentate(More)
Acute and chronic inflammation cause many changes in total body iron metabolism including the sequestration of iron in phagocytic cells of the reticuloendothelial system. This change in iron metabolism contributes to the development of the anemia of inflammation. MTP1, the duodenal enterocyte basolateral iron exporter, is also expressed in the cells of the(More)
Acute and chronic inflammatory states are associated with many changes in intracellular iron metabolism including sequestration of iron in the mononuclear-phagocyte system (MPS) and a decline in serum iron. Previous work in rodent models of acute inflammation has demonstrated inflammation-induced downregulation of intestinal and MPS iron exporter,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Imbalances of iron homeostasis are accompanied by alterations of intestinal iron absorption. The identification of divalent-metal transporter 1 (DMT1) and ferroportin 1 (FP1) has improved our understanding of transmembrane iron trafficking. To gain insight into the regulatory properties of these transporters in the duodenum, we studied(More)
The newly described iron transporter, ferroportin (MTP1, IREG1), is expressed in a variety of tissues including the duodenum and cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS). In the MPS, ferroportin is hypothesized to be a major exporter of iron scavenged from senescent erythrocytes. Changes in iron metabolism, including the sequestration of iron in the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS MTP1/Ferroportin1/IREG1, the product of the SLC40A1 gene, is a main iron export protein in mammals. However, the way this gene is regulated by iron is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional role of genomic SLC40A1 elements in response to iron. METHODS Vectors containing either reverse similar 2.6 kb 5'(More)