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Photorhabdus is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria from the family Enterobacteriaceae. Members of Photorhabdus have a complex life cycle during which the bacterium has a pathogenic interaction with insect larvae whilst also maintaining a mutualistic relationship with nematodes from the family Heterorhabditidae. During growth in the insect, Photorhabdus(More)
The efferent projections to the host brain from intrastriatal grafts have been examined at the ultrastructural level. Cell suspensions of E14 rat fetal striatal tissue were implanted into the ibotenic acid lesioned caudate-putamen of adult rats. After survival times of at least five months, the anterograde neuronal tracer Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin(More)
BACKGROUND Photorhabdus are motile members of the family Enterobactericeae that are pathogenic to insect larvae whilst also maintaining a mutualistic interaction with entomophagous nematodes of the family Heterorhabditiae. The interactions between Photorhabdus and its hosts are thought to be an obligate part of the bacteria's life-cycle in the environment.(More)
This study investigated the functional capacity of intrastriatal grafts of embryonic striatal tissue in rats with unilateral ibotenic acid lesions of the neostriatum. The group of grafted rats was compared with lesion-alone and control groups for motor bias, as assessed by tests of rotation induced by dopaminergic, cholinergic and GABAergic drugs, and of(More)
GABA release was recorded in vivo by push-pull perfusion from the globus pallidus and substantia nigra of control rats, rats with unilateral ibotenic acid lesions of the neostriatum, and rats with embryonic striatal tissue grafts implanted in the lesioned striatum. The lesions reduced baseline levels of GABA release to 5% of control levels in the globus(More)
Intrastriatal transplantation of foetal midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons ameliorates the fundamental symptoms of dopaminergic denervation in clinical and experimental parkinsonism despite providing only restricted reinnervation. To understand how DA function is restored by these grafts we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at a carbon-fiber microelectrode in(More)
A group of aged, behaviorally impaired rats received suspension grafts of fetal septal-diagonal band tissue into the otherwise intact hippocampal formation. Three months after grafting, behaviorally recovered rats were studied by immunocytochemistry by using monoclonal antibodies to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and electron microscopy. The innervation(More)
Immunocytochemical studies using a monoclonal antibody to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were performed on sections of rat dentate gyrus. Light microscopical analysis of the immunoreactivity revealed dense fiber networks and many punctate structures predominantly located at the interface of the granule cell layer and molecular layer. In the electron(More)
Thirty adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) were compared with 30 adults with non-specific learning disability matched for age, sex and severity of mental retardation. Maladaptive behaviour was assessed with the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC), a 58-item structured interview which rates behaviours from 0 (not a problem) to 3 (severe problem) and which(More)
The ultrastructural features of the contacts established by intrahippocampal grafts of foetal septal/diagonal band neurones in the dentate gyrus and the CA1 region of the previously denervated host hippocampus have been analysed with electron microscopic immunocytochemistry using a monoclonal antibody to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). The results show(More)