David Jaffray

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AAPM Task Group 58 was created to provide materials to help the medical physicist and colleagues succeed in the clinical implementation of electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) in radiation oncology. This complex technology has matured over the past decade and is capable of being integrated into routine practice. However, the difficulties encountered(More)
The development and performance of a system for x-ray cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) using an indirect-detection flat-panel imager (FPI) is presented. Developed as a bench-top prototype for initial investigation of FPI-based CBCT for bone and soft-tissue localization in radiotherapy, the system provides fully three-dimensional volumetric image data(More)
Analysis of detective quantum efficiency (DQE) is an important component of the investigation of imaging performance for flat-panel detectors (FPDs). Conventional descriptions of DQE are limited, however, in that they take no account of anatomical noise (i.e., image fluctuations caused by overlying anatomy), even though such noise can be the most(More)
A system for cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been developed based upon the technology of active matrix flat-panel imagers (FPIs), and the system has demonstrated the potential for fully three-dimensional volumetric imaging with high spatial and contrast resolution. This paper investigates the effects of image lag (arising from charge trapping and(More)
A methodological framework for experimental analysis of the noise-power spectrum (NPS) of multidimensional images is presented that employs well-known properties of the n-dimensional (nD) Fourier transform. The approach is generalized to n dimensions, reducing to familiar cases for n = 1 (e.g., time series) and n = 2 (e.g., projection radiography) and(More)
The influence of antiscatter x-ray grids on image quality in cone-beam computed tomography (CT) is evaluated through broad experimental investigation for various anatomical sites (head and body), scatter conditions (scatter-to-primary ratio (SPR) ranging from approximately 10% to 150%), patient dose, and spatial resolution in three-dimensional(More)
The image quality and localization accuracy for C-arm tomosynthesis and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) guidance of head and neck surgery were investigated. A continuum in image acquisition was explored, ranging from a single exposure (radiograph) to multiple projections acquired over a limited arc (tomosynthesis) to a full semicircular trajectory(More)
PURPOSE Evaluate the accuracy and the sensitivity to contour variation and model size of a finite element model-based deformable registration algorithm for the prostate. METHODS AND MATERIALS Two magnetic resonance images (MRIs) were obtained for 21 prostate patients with three implanted markers. A single observer contoured the prostate and markers and(More)
Intrasubject reproducibility of metabolite quantitation in three-dimensional proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (3D-MRSI) was investigated in 10 healthy volunteers over five separate sessions using two echo times (TEs): 144 and 30 ms. The use of a Gill-Thomas-Cosman (GTC) stereotactic head frame enabled precise subject repositioning and(More)
PURPOSE MR image geometric integrity is one of the building blocks of MRI-guided radiotherapy. In particular, tissue magnetic susceptibility-induced effects are patient-dependent and their behavior is difficult to assess and predict. In this study, the authors investigated in detail the characteristics of susceptibility (χ) distortions in the context of(More)