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A crucial problem facing the designers and deployers of future high-speed networks is providing applications with quality of service (QOS) guarantees. For soft real-time applications, which are delay sensitive but loss tolerant, delay distribution is an important QOS measure of interest. In this paper we study (through simulation) the end-to-end delay(More)
Parallel processing has been proposed as a means of improving network protocol throughput. Several different strategies have been taken towards parallelizing protocols. A relatively popular approach is packet-level parallelism, where packets are distributed across processors. This paper provides an experimental performance study of packet-level parallelism(More)
Effective e-government creates an environment for citizens to have greater access to their government and, in theory, makes citizen-to-government contact more inclusive. Our research examines two distinct but related measures of e-government effectiveness, namely the online service index and the e-participation index, both reported in the 2010 e-government(More)
In cluster computing, power and cooling represent a significant cost compared to the hardware itself. This is of special concern in the cloud, which provides access to large numbers of computers. We examine the use of ARM-based clusters for low-power, high performance computing. This work examines two likely use-modes: (i) a standard dedicated cluster, and(More)
In this paper we present a performance study of memory reference behavior in network protocol processing, using an Internet-based protocol stack implemented in the <i>x</i>-kernel running in user space on a MIPS R4400-based Silicon Graphics machine. We use the protocols to drive a validated execution-driven architectural simulator of our machine. We(More)
Photosynthetic acclimation was studied in seedlings of three subtropical rainforest species representing early (Omalanthus populifolius), middle (Duboisia myoporoides) and late (Acmena ingens) successional stages in forest development. Changes in the photosynthetic characteristics of pre-existing leaves were observed following the transfer of plants between(More)
This paper examines how and why web server performance changes as the workload at the server varies. We measure the performance of a PC acting as a standalone web server, running Apache on top of Linux. We use two important tools to understand what aspects of software architecture and implementation determine performance at the server. The first is a tool(More)
Security and privacy are growing concerns in the Internet community, due to the Internet's rapid growth and the desire to conduct business over it safely. This desire has led to the advent of several proposals for security standards, such as secure IP, secure HTTP, and the Secure Socket Layer. All of these standards propose using cryptographic protocols(More)
Over the next several years the performance demands on globally available information servers are expected to increase dramatically. These servers must be capable of sending and receiving data over hundreds or even thousands of simultaneous connections. In this paper, we show that connection-level parallel protocols (where different connections are(More)