David J . Stephens

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Rab GTPases control vesicle movement and tethering membrane events in membrane trafficking. We used the 38 human Rab GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) to identify which of the 60 Rabs encoded in the human genome function at the Golgi complex. Surprisingly, this screen identified only two GAPs, RN-tre and TBC1D20, disrupting both Golgi organization and(More)
The selective export of proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is mediated by the coat protein complex II (COPII) that assembles onto the ER membrane. In higher eukaryotes, COPII proteins assemble at discrete sites on the membrane known as ER exit sites (ERES). Here, we identify Sec16 as the protein that defines ERES in mammalian cells.(More)
SNX-BAR proteins are a sub-family of sorting nexins implicated in endosomal sorting. Here, we establish that through its phox homology (PX) and Bin-Amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR) domains, sorting nexin-4 (SNX4) is associated with tubular and vesicular elements of a compartment that overlaps with peripheral early endosomes and the juxtanuclear endocytic recycling(More)
Early endosome-to-trans-Golgi network (TGN) transport is organized by the retromer complex. Consisting of cargo-selective and membrane-bound subcomplexes, retromer coordinates sorting with membrane deformation and carrier formation. Here, we describe four mammalian retromers whose membrane-bound subcomplexes contain specific combinations of the sorting(More)
The cytoplasmic dynein motor complex is known to exist in multiple forms, but few specific functions have been assigned to individual subunits. A key limitation in the analysis of dynein in intact mammalian cells has been the reliance on gross perturbation of dynein function, e.g., inhibitory antibodies, depolymerization of the entire microtubule network,(More)
The COPII coat complex mediates the formation of transport carriers at specialized sites of the endoplasmic reticulum (ERES). It consists of the Sar1p GTPase and the Sec23/24p and the Sec13/31p subcomplexes . Both stimulate the GTPase activity of Sar1p , which itself triggers coat disassembly. This built-in GAP activity makes the COPII complex in principle(More)
Transport between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi is mediated by the sequential action of the COPII and COPI coat complexes. COPII subunits are recruited to the ER membrane where they mediate the selection of cargo for transport to the Golgi, and also membrane deformation and vesicle formation. New ER exit sites can be generated by lateral growth(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a conserved, multifunctional kinase that is constitutively active in resting cells, and inactivated through phosphorylation by protein kinase B (PKB). We have investigated the temporal and spatial control of GSK-3 phosphorylation during the cell cycle in mammalian cells. We show that GSK-3 is present along the length of(More)
The first membrane trafficking step in the biosynthetic secretory pathway, the export of proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is mediated by COPII-coated vesicles. In mammalian cells, COPII vesicle budding occurs at specialized sites on the ER, the so-called transitional ER (tER). Here, we discuss aspects of the formation and maintenance(More)