David J. Simmons

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This paper reviews the sequence of histomorphologic changes that occur in and around a fracture site, and discusses recent concepts about the roles of the cells and bone matrical moieties in promoting specific cell transformations during the phases of callus tissue formation and consolidation of the bony cortex. Current knowledge about the roles of(More)
The experimental infection of rodents as potential, definitive hosts with Hymenolepis straminea indicated that hamsters and field mice were susceptible to infection. By comparison, laboratory mice exhibited a significantly lowered susceptibility. Artificially induced depression of the immune response enabled the parasite to be cultured in several strains of(More)
Fibroblast-like rat marrow stromal cell (CFU-F) cultures have been characterized in terms of their responsiveness to calciotropic hormones, metal ions, the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, and by their putative paracrine role in the maintenance of active populations of osteoblasts at the marrow-bone interface. These studies indicate that CFU-Fs lack a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption. We examined the bone sparing effect of NO on prevention of corticosteroid-induced bone loss in older male rats. Recently, we demonstrated that NO donor nitroglycerin (NG) can alleviate ovariectomy-induced bone loss, and the protective effects of estrogens on bone are mediated(More)
PURPOSE This study tested the hypothesis that a significant amount of the new bone produced by heterotopic periosteal autografts is derived osteoinductively because proliferating periosteal cells express the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Rabbit ulnar and radial periosteum were autografted as free grafts (FGs) to the forelimb(More)
Meal timing protocols were used to probe the circadian regulation of DNA and protein synthesis in the rat tibia. Two groups of 4-week-old rats were entrained to 12-h light, 12-h dark cycles (light, 0800-2000 h; darkness, 2000-0800 h) for 4 weeks. One group was fed for 4 h at the onset of the light span (EL). The other group was fed for 4 h at the onset of(More)
To investigate the role of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2) in ossifying rat bone marrow stromal cell cultures, we determined the population of fibroblast-like stromal cells that expressed BMP-2 immunocytochemically (anti-rhBMP-2 monoclonal antibody), and compared that to alkaline phosphatase (AP) and collagen synthesis formed in culture over a 4-week(More)
We have identified a variety of biological rhythms involved in the apposition and mineralization of dentin in the rabbit incisor. Animals were injected during the day or night with lead acetate at 2-week intervals—to provide biological time markers in forming dentin—and transverse undecalcified sections of the lower incisors were prepared for electron(More)
Experiments in rabbits were conducted to test the clinical propositions that a) the risk of nonunion in certain long bone fractures can be sharply reduced by open reduction and internal fixation, and b) that there is an optimum critical period following trauma in which this procedure should be carried out to facilitate healing. Bilateral standard open(More)
Decreased muscular activity results in weakness and muscular atrophy. Coincident with this protein catabolic state is glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinemia. Rats were tail suspended for 7 to 14 days to accomplish unloading of the hindlimbs. Insulin resistance was documented in these animals by a 14 day tail suspension-related 26% increase in serum(More)