David J Silberstein

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Propafenone is an antiarrhythmic drug that produces a variable degree of beta-blockade in humans and is administered as a racemate. To examine the relative contribution of the individual enantiomers to pharmacologic effects seen during treatment with propafenone, we assessed the steady-state plasma concentrations of (+)-S-propafenone and (-)-R-propafenone(More)
To determine whether the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of beta-blockade differ among racial groups, we gave 10 men of Chinese descent and 10 American white men 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg of propranolol every eight hours; the dosages were given in random order, and each dose was given for one day. The degree of beta-blockade was measured as the reduction(More)
Propranolol and the sodium-channel-blocking antiarrhythmic agent propafenone share structural features. Although propafenone's beta-blocking actions are readily demonstrable in vitro, clinically significant beta-blockade occurs inconsistently in vivo. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that genetically determined variations in the biotransformation of(More)
To determine the contribution of altered beta-receptor function in the vasculature to the increased peripheral vascular resistance seen in hypertension, the effects of intra-arterial infusions of isoproterenol and epinephrine on forearm blood flow were determined in 11 male normotensive subjects and 11 male hypertensive subjects during 10 and 250 mmol/day(More)
To determine the role of changes in receptor density and the considerable interindividual variability in the response to beta-adrenergic antagonists, we determined the relationship between the beta-blockade produced by propranolol and the beta-adrenergic receptor density (Bmax) in 16 healthy subjects who received 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg propranolol every 8(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Regularity of respiration is characteristic of stable sleep without sleep disordered breathing. Appearance of respiratory irregularity may indicate onset of wakefulness. The present study examines whether one can detect transitions from sleep to wakefulness using only the CPAP flow signal and automate this recognition. DESIGN Prospective(More)
To determine whether altered beta-adrenoceptor internalization contributes to the reduced adrenergic responsiveness of the elderly, the ability to internalize beta-adrenoceptors in young and elderly men was studied by in vitro exposure of whole lymphocytes to a range of isoproterenol concentrations. The total numbers of receptors per cell were similar in(More)
1. In order to determine whether the effects of d- or (+)-sotalol on heart rate are mediated by beta-adrenoceptor antagonism or might be due to other actions, we administered (+)-sotalol (400 mg every 12 h), atenolol (50 mg every 12 h) and placebo to eight healthy volunteers in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. We also studied the affinity of(More)
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